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From the Kuriles to the Carpathians fan of fans and one brother

July 17 2006

Leningrad Kirov Stadium - May 14, 1957. A great number of policemen, firefighters joined to the fact that to appease the raging football fans. But they managed only a few hours later, after the match. Police detained 16 rowdy, some of whom were prosecuted for hooliganism. The case - one of the earliest manifestations of this kind of activity among football fans.

What we know about football hooliganism? Now there are more complete sources of information, from which I learned a chronological development of the cruel fanaticism of football in Russia. This, for example, the authority to combat football violence Dougie Brimson, whom I will often refer to it.

By topic: Hooligans in the style of casual or fashion under threat

To begin, we divide all the fans in the ordinary fans and hooligans. Of course, they are united by love for the team, visiting the home matches, they make trips to other cities that would support their team, but for this little hooligan. Their inherent aggressiveness forced to commit many more visits, especially in those cities, the fans are hostile. They provoke a fight, sometimes trying to get attributes hooligans hostile fan movement, it dramatically increases its prestige in its own fan movement.

"Fans of war" - an essential attribute of a football hooligan movement that is becoming more acute. It should be noted that the first football fanaticism was not saturated with violence. It is interesting to turn to the origins of all that is happening in the football hooligan movement. But do not dig deeply and begin to trace its development from English bigotry, which, of course, is the legislator, moreover, is the most cruel fanaticism of all the existence of this movement. We patriots and begin immediately with Russia, but rather with the USSR. That's how football movement marks the beginning of our Brimson Dougie: "in 1972 on the platform, filled with supporters of the Moscow" Spartak ", a man will appear in a simple red-white scarf. Would you believe it - no, but this was the first sign of emergence of fan culture in the Soviet Union "to say that until this was forbidden in any way to demonstrate their attachment to any of the teams.

The first one who fell a scarf "does not taste" were KGB. And for football fans began a crackdown. And not just any clashes with the police, and all serious "grown-up". Leaders fan groups accused of collusion with the CIA. But despite this, in 1978 at a match in Leningrad "zenith" and "the Moscow Spartak team showed their support for the second attributes, consisting of red and white clothing. At the same time and got the first flags of "Spartacus". Of course, the Soviet fans could not walk along the path of development of this culture, along which the rest of the world, but they felt that they need it, and it can be said to reinvent the wheel. But in the 80th years, Gorbachev opened some doors in order to find out more, more, even fearlessly attend away games. Russian people have always been very emotional, and minor scuffles between the gangs never surprised. But here it is, hooligans showed themselves in 1997, one of the largest mass fights in the history of Soviet football. It happened in Kiev, where 300 fans went to the Moscow Spartak, which led into a battle of local fans "dynamo".

Before the collapse of the Union supporters of the Moscow Spartak and CSKA Moscow were the most active members of hooligan clashes. Thus, Spartak hooligans in 1996, even visited England, and personally acquainted with the behavior of those of their senior colleagues during the European Championships.It was rumored that they even had time to take part in a brawl with the Scottish fans in Trafalgar Square. Here the question arises whether the ubiquitous Russian pride, or assumed a sense of shame for its. There have been clashes of hooligans the same team and in France during the World Cup in France and Belgium for Euro 2000. Cruel persecution by the police did not prevent disruptive movement of Russia to develop dynamically. And in 1997, it shocked all of one of the most violent incidents in the short history of Russian football. Some hooligans began to arm themselves with clubs. The police took matters into their own hands, but after a while, we realize that it was the wrong strategy. All matches took control of police and riot police, they were forced to remove all the symbols: flags, scarves .. to own stadiums things were even worse. Along the perimeter of the field were hundreds of policemen were watching all that happens in the stands. All the fireworks were banned. Even celebrating a goal when fans threw themselves at each other, hugging and jumping, deduced from the police themselves. She began to beat with truncheons everyone who fell under her arm. But, she managed to get some experience. The fact is that looking at some records hooligan fights recorded from the man, law enforcement authorities arrested all who were able to learn.

The situation reached its peak in 1999, where again the focus of attention turned out to fans in Moscow "Spartak".

In June they went to the game in Ramenskoye where they were already waiting for a large number of policemen and riot police. Riot police waited a long time and not become ohazhivat batons nothing wine fans. I must say that such treatment infuriated "meat" guys who did not hesitate, rushed into the fray, trying to protect ordinary fans. Within minutes of the incident escalated into large-scale brawl, spread rapidly through the stadium. In the course went torn seats, as a weapon. And only with the intervention of the head coach of Spartak and the team captain, called on the rostrum for calm, the conflict had subsided. But after a couple of months, the situation is repeated, and at the same stadium. The confrontation lasted about 20 minutes, but was very bitter. For the first time in the history of Russian football, the game was interrupted. Passions calmed down only when the security forces withdrew from the stadium, but during this time fans of both sides managed to get seriously injured. However, for the fans it was a great success, which made it clear that their powers are very great. Fans now have a significant impact on political elections. Many politicians now pay attention to football fans and include in their political program-specific slogans. As an example, we can recall it Zhirinovsky it to the fans at the ceremony honoring the Moscow "Spartak". During the election, their views will be important. Moscow rating Zhirinovsky is growing thanks largely to fans. Here is what one of the fans of "Spartacus": "Many fans know that while there Zhirinovsky, are cheap trip, but all in principle, only that it should be. He first thought of to make contact with us. "

Thanks too harsh nature of the police relatively small city of Nizhny Novgorod is a very unpleasant memories of many Russian hooligans, especially the "Spartacus", the young fans who were most brutally beaten during his previous visit in 1997, the fighting was so fierce that the wounds died one of the local policemen. But this fact did not cause any regret at the hooligans, who said police received their just deserts for all the violence suffered by football fans.

To many fans of football Russian national team matches are very great interest, especially when it comes to meetings with teams from the former Soviet Union, as well as immediate neighbors. It says Dougie Brimson, in his book "Addicted", the first since the collapse of the Soviet Union, a meeting of the teams to send more than two thousand united Russian hooligans rioted in the city center and at the Olympic stadium.

In the summer of 2002, after the defeat of the Russian team at the world championships from the Japanese fans have waged a massive riots and unrest in Moscow.

The situation is developing in quite predictable. Fans CSKA and Spartak continued to play a leading role.

The province has not yet been developed in the direction of a prank. By the hooligans are mainly people aged 15-20 years who are susceptible to new social norms, changing cultural attitudes. For them, this kind of extreme sports. Playing with fire in the literal and figurative sense. I'm talking about the fireworks that lit fans in the stands during a game that is strictly forbidden by the police. Often there are cases when these same fireworks are on the playing field. Hooligans often filmed their fight, gathering a collection of films and proud of them. It's a whole culture, growing in many directions. Besides the fact that they read one literature, they dress in traditional hooligan scene marks «Lacoste» «Ben Sherman», «Fred Perry». Style kezhual.

Catherine Boyarkina

Васильева Камилла

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