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Today's National Flag Day

August 22 2007

August 22 marks Day of National Flag of the Russian Federation on the basis of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated 20.08.94 N 1714 "On the Day of National Flag of the Russian Federation."

In 1991, 22 August Supreme Soviet decided that the "flag of the ... white, azure, scarlet stripes as the official national flag of Russia. On this day, the White House was first officially hoisted tricolor Russian flag, which replaced the national flag of red flag with hammer and sickle. For the first time white-blue-red flag was raised at the first Russian warship "Eagle" in the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich. "Eagle" long sailed under a new banner: Go down the Volga to Astrakhan, was there burned associates Stepan Razin.

Legitimate as the "father" acknowledged Peter tricolor. January 20, 1705 he issued an edict stating that "the trading of any courts" should raise white-blue-red flag, he traced the pattern and determined the order of horizontal stripes. Remains a mystery than guided Peter, picking up the color. Alone is certain: in every color - its meaning. According to one version, white stands for freedom, blue - the Mother of God, the protection of Russia, red - the great-power status.

Another version says that the white symbolizes nobility, blue - honesty, and red - courage and generosity inherent in the Russian people. Tricolor in Russia caught on long time - until 1918, when Yakov Sverdlov his decree changed the flag to red.

The official status of the flag got only two centuries later, in 1896, when on the eve of the coronation of Nicholas II, the Ministry of Justice has identified: national should "definitely be white, blue and red, and no other." The Bolsheviks at the initiative of Sverdlov in April 1918 decided to abolish the tricolor and replace it with a revolutionary red flag.

Masha Shibanova


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