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Day Rusal: rituals and traditions

June 19 2007

Today, 19th June, celebrates the ancient Slavs, who called the Day of Rusal. About these unusual creatures story keeps secrets. We can only guess that this is true, and that - lies. These 19 th century to relate evidence of medieval monuments and rusalnymi customs of the South Slavs.

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What does this holiday?

The celebration - the end of May or early June, when the green is completely dissolved. Rites rusalnyh days turned to poetry in which these days is revealed most power - a full-blown green, morning dew, the living water springs and wells.

Rusal - a kind of Memorial Day, as well as communication with those who died prematurely, not as an adult. The essence of this holiday was reduced to commemorate the deceased ancestors, who were invited to stay at home. Our predecessors have complied with certain rites, which in many respects resemble the funeral, so that the mermaid could not harm the family. In many areas, mainly in Macedonia, Bulgaria, Serbia and Belarus are lots of Rusal associated with ancient rites and songs. Mostly Rusal celebrated under different names: the Great - Semik (actually Thursday at the seventh week after Easter), the Slovaks - Turytsya.

Male Rusal of Macedonia went from house to house around sick people staged dances and ceremonial dances to heal them. All houses "Rusalsky" squad were greeted with great honors. People believed that their arrival helped to preserve the health and expel disease.

Dressed Rusal from Bulgaria and Serbia went from village to village, to heal those who are ill is "Rusalsky" disease. It was believed that such an illness sent mythological creatures that appear in spring and summer. An odd number of men dressed in fur hats, wreaths of flowers and belts, which flaunted rattles and bells.

Ceremonies in other Slavic traditions are called "Rusal". They are not fixed, but there's a version that the name "Rusalnaya Week" comes from the Latin name of the ancient festival of roses known as "Rosalie." It was observed during the flowering of roses and consisted in commemoration of the untimely dead, the graves are brought wreaths of roses and arranged funeral meal.

By Rusalnoy week of the Eastern Slavs timed ceremony of "seeing a mermaid." Girls ryadili selected "mermaid", put on her wreath and a late night at the end of the week taken out Rusalnoy mummers to the river, stripped off her crown and threw it into the water, but quickly ran themselves to "Mermaid" is not caught up with them and do no harm. Meanwhile, according to legend, during the week Rusalnoy mermaids could be seen near the river, on the flowering fields, in gardens and, of course, cemeteries. Meeting with the mermaid can bring both wealth and, conversely, result in disaster.

How does look mysterious mermaid?

Not so unambiguous understanding of its appearance. It is believed that mermaids - is a young beautiful girl, dressed in white robes or naked, with flowing hair, which flaunts a wreath. Some are of the mermaids in the form of ugly hairy girls, old, overgrown hair and armed with a poker.

read that the mermaids became the girl who died on Rusalnoy week and did not live up to the wedding. People believed that mermaids could take away a child in their dance, tickle or danced to death. That's why children and young categorically forbidden to go out in the field or on the river during Rusalnoy week. If it did, and died one of the children, said that the mermaid took them to himself. It is dangerous and accidentally met a guy who may unexpectedly experience the full force of her charm.

Church has often raised his voice against Rusal, but since they have long sided with the Christian holidays (usually - to the day of Pentecost), then spread with Christianity, as an element of folk-religious rituals. Valsamon, in interpreting the 62 Trullan canon of the cathedral, mentions Rusal, as the ancient feast, served in the villages after Easter. Bishop of Ohrid Demetrius Homatian (XIII cent.) Said that Rusal celebrated in Macedonia Sunday after Pentecost. Ancient memorial value Rusal Slavs darkened different spring games and songs, but not quite died down. Celebrating Rusal places remained at Christmas Christmas time.

Russian history keeps a very interesting and sometimes incredible, information about mermaids and about the holiday, which is so called "Rusal". This day - the next bright page of our rich history.

Masha Shibanova


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