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Toll roads: where, how much and why?

December 3 2007

Construction of toll roads has become one frequently discussed topics among motorists. Will the good are they and how cost effective their construction?

By 2008, planned to build a toll highway from Moscow to St. Petersburg, several roads on the Ring Road, including up to Domodedovo airport. The company plans to find a new exit from the Moscow Ring Road on the route Moscow - Minsk. In addition, currently in Moscow region are projected two toll road of regional significance: Moscow - Noginsk - walnut-Zuevo and Krasnogorsk trail that connects Volokolamskoye and Novorizhskoe highway.
"The consumers - the drivers or passengers - would be a choice must be free bypass road. It will probably be worse than the quality, the longer the time, but people should have a choice" - the first vice-premier Sergei Ivanov.

According to the Government, the main advantage of toll roads will be high speed, which will be achieved through a large number of road lanes. This method caught on in many countries around the world, including Europe and the USA. Picking up the experience of other countries, we must not forget that the conditions in our country are very different from those in the rest.

But is it so unconditionally rely on the experience of others, because Russia, as we know, not Europe. The first and most important difference is the climate. Russia is in the middle zone, where the characteristic duration of the rains and sudden frosts, which are very detrimental effect on road surface. If the estimated lifespan of roads is 20-30 years, then, under the influence of climatic and technical factors, this figure is greatly reduced. A variety of anti-Friesians, which is sprinkled with the usual roads, ports and just destroy the coating. Add to this the specifics of Russian nature and winter in particular, and you realize that the road to the new and maladaptive for our climate-coated, not long survive.

Still, to quote a classic: "What Russian does not like to drive fast?". If translated into ordinary language, our drivers love the drive. Cars can still understand, but a huge truck, with a roar and trembling of the earth, careening past you, willy-nilly forced to think through how smooth path covered with potholes and pits. Most likely, this is a paid highway will not permit, but the project is not delivered and did not test, it is impossible to say what laws will be on these routes.

Indisputable advantage of the new project is, as has been said, more speed and a guarantee that it will be maintained in good condition. For transportation of various commodities such building - a gold mine, which will deliver the cargo to its destination much faster and in larger quantities. But, if for each kilometer will really take five rubles, will increase the cost of the goods, that is, and its price in the shops. Consequently, the dealers will be looking for cheaper goods. From this can emerge, that the goods delivered quickly, no longer needed.

"This road is constructed by the federal program and is planned to be paid. We need to provide a small portion of the road within the city. But here we have no right to impose tolls on that stretch of road in the city, and money to continue to build we have not. Therefore, we are now in dire straits "- spoke the chief architect of Moscow Alexander Kuzmin, regarding the construction of toll road Moscow-Peterbarg. In this case, the chief architect said that the construction of toll roads - it is the prerogative of the federal government.
Summarizing, we can say that very much depends on with what care will be implemented this plan. With good organization and coordination of this washes out a good result. In another case, the project toll roads will suffer the sad fate of the good, but poorly implemented ideas.But if the state will be able to competently and clearly put their claims and to establish a reasonable fare, then Russia's economy will benefit from this much, as ordinary people are constantly circulating in these areas.

K. Nesterov


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