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Jerusalem - the crucified Christ - May 8, 2006

May 8 2006
10:00

Read more "Jerusalem - the crucified Christ."

Condemned to be crucified was supposed to carry his cross. Therefore, the Warriors put on the shoulders of the Savior made of wood and his cross led to the place appointed for the penalty. It was a hill that was called Golgotha, or place of execution, that is sublime. Now this area of Church of the Resurrection. And in the old Calvary is located west of Jerusalem near the gate were called vessels.

How to tell the author to the nun Claudia from Jerusalem Gorny Monastery, according to legend, the tree from which the Cross was made the Lord, was particularly strong and heavy - a long time, it moklo in water - meant to build a temple, but for some reason has not been used. According to legend, it moklo in Ovchey font (Bethesda), where once a year down the angel and the meek "chayali water movement, since the first of them entered the water, healed, and from any serious illness.
The tree is a "three-pillar" - a hybrid of cedar, cypress and pine. This story begins with the Lot. At the direction of Abraham, Lot sat in the valley of the branches of cedar, cypress and pine trees left by the archangel, and watered them, as promised, 40 years, water from the Jordan River. Grown out of their tree cut down for the Temple - Solomon wanted to turn them into pillars at the entrance to the Holy of Holies. Then he changed his mind, and the tree was thrown into a pond. Ten centuries of tree, not coming up to the Temple, used for the crucifixion of Jesus.
From Pretoria Via Dolorosa paved road turns sharply left at the building of the Armenian Patriarchate. On the corner is the place where the weight of His cross Christ fell for the first time.

This event marked a small chapel, built on money of Polish soldiers. Above the entrance to the chapel relief renowned Polish sculptor Thaddeus Zalinskogo. The relief depicts Christ stumble under the weight of his burden. We pass a little more on the cobbled Via Dolorosa and see a door in the wall of the chapel. Chapel marks the spot where Jesus is said to have met his mother Mary.
At the corner of El Wad and the Via Dolorosa is the church in memory of the fifth stop of Christ on the Cross. Exhausted by beating and whipping, weary distress Jesus barely walked. When they reached the city gates, where the road climbs up the mountain, Jesus was completely exhausted. At this time, the soldiers saw near a man who looked with compassion for Christ. It was Simon of Cyrene, who was returning after work from the field. The Warriors grabbed him and forced to carry the cross of Christ. In the wall near the entrance to the chapel on the right is noticeable deep depression. According to legend, it's handprint Christ, wearily leaning against the wall. A narrow winding street leads us in the direction of the Holy Sepulchre. Cross the street El-Beira, which goes to the left of the Cross, and find ourselves at the chapel of St.. Veronica. At this point whore named Veronica wiped the sweat and blood on the face of Christ. In this regard, the Church canonized her a saint.

Move along the Via Dolorosa to its intersection with the street Sukhai ez Zain. At the door on the left is the residue column marks the spot where Jesus fell for the second time. Many are located along this street of houses and shops bear the stamp of distant Roman times - stucco, stone monoliths in the walls. This street is our way lies to the wide staircase. Climb on it and turn right. The road leads to the gate of a Coptic monastery. At the entrance to the monastery in a shallow niche leaning tower. It marks the spot where Jesus fell for the third time.br /> The other five stations are located in the Holy Sepulchre.
On Good Friday at the Orthodox Easter is early morning, pilgrims gather in located in the former Antonia Fortress - the place where Jesus Christ spent the night before the crucifixion. Here at him accomplished lawless court here over the Savior mocked. Here, in fact, began way of the cross of the Lord. Therefore, here the pilgrims with wooden crosses in their hands are sent to Calvary in crooked narrow streets of old Jerusalem. Who silently, and many - with a prayer by singing in different languages: in Slavic, Greek, Serbian, Romanian. Place the crucifixion of the Savior is located under the arches of the Holy Sepulchre .. Headed the procession Greek Metropolitan, he carries on his shoulders cross the size of a human growth, which brings to Golgotha, the place of Christ's crucifixion.

Jerusalem Temple of the Holy Sepulchre, the holy of holies of World Christianity. So, the last turn under the stone arch, and before us opens paved with slabs inconspicuous dull yard. It rests on a high rectangular gray plastered walls lined of rough limestone blocks - the facade of the famous temple. The latter has no sides in the conventional sense, apparently being merely a continuation tesnyaschih buildings - bell towers, old houses. Therefore, from the outside to form an idea about the hidden structures within the vast space is impossible.
Right at the entrance to the temple on the floor of the stone Unction, which is an elongated lower plate. According to legend, this stone is now faced with marble, was laid the body of Christ, the Descent from the Cross, to anoint aromatic substances before burial. The right of the Anointing Stone, two staircases lead upstairs to the most deadly place on earth - Calvary.

Stairs lead to the summit hidden in the bowels of the temple hill. Here, according to legend, stood the cross on which Christ was crucified. In the depths rises a wooden crucifix over the high altar. Under the altar in the half put the silver disc with a hole in the middle, signifying a place where you have inserted a cross. Immediately the two black circles indicate locations of crosses, which together with Christ was crucified two robbers. Below, under the altar of Calvary, the dungeon, which holds the stone bands - they were drawn feet of the Lord. Ties are in the form of a stone plate with two holes for the legs. The right of the bonds at the altar, the icon of the Sorrowful Mother of God. As they say, on the face of the Mother of God appears periodically tears that streamed out of the semi-closed eyes.

Execution by crucifixion was the most painful, most disgraceful and most brutal in ancient Rome. Such a death penalty only the most notorious criminals: thieves, murderers, insurgents and criminal slaves. The agony of a crucified man is impossible to describe. In addition to intolerable pain in all parts of the body and the suffering, crucified, suffered a terrible thirst and deadly mental anguish. Death was so slow that many suffered on the crosses for several days. According to Jewish law, was hanged on a tree was considered cursed. The Jews wanted to disgrace Jesus Christ forever, awarding him for such a penalty.
When all was ready, the soldiers nailed to the cross of Jesus Christ, piercing His hands and feet with long nails. With Him crucified two robbers. So celebrated prophecy of Isaiah: "And the wicked clergy was" (Is.53: 12) It was about noon, according to the Jewish vremyaschisleniyu - 6 o'clock in the day. When he was crucified, He prayed for his persecutors, saying: "Father!Forgive them, because they do not know what they do "(Luke 23:34). At the cross the Savior stood his mother, Mary (Mariam), the apostle John, Mary Magdalene and several other women who followed Him.

Meanwhile, during the suffering of the Savior on Calvary there was a great sign, as reflected in the Gospel. From that hour, Jesus was crucified, that is, from the sixth hour (and for our account from the twelfth hour of the day), the sun was darkened, and there was darkness over all the earth, and lasted until the ninth hour (on our account until the third hour of the day) that is, until the death of Christ. This unusual, world darkness was noted even pagan writers, historians: the Roman astronomer Phlegon, Thales and Julius African. The famous philosopher from Athens Dionysius the Areopagite was at that time in Egypt, in the city of Heliopolis. Watching the sudden darkness, he said: "Either the Creator is suffering, or the world collapses." Thereafter, Dionysius the Areopagite, converted to Christianity and was the first bishop of Athens.

When Jesus said: "I thirst." One of the soldiers ran and took a sponge, soaked it in vinegar, put it on his stick and raised it to his withered lips of the Savior. Having tasted the vinegar, the Savior said: "It is finished" (John 19:28-29), that is accomplished the promise of God accomplished salvation of mankind from the power of sin. He then with a loud voice: "Father! In thy hands I commend my spirit. " And kneeling, head, and gave the spirit (Luke 23:46), that is dead.

So fulfill an ancient prophecy: "He was despised and rejected of men, a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief: and we hid his face from Him, He was despised and we did not put that into him. But he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten by God, and profaned. But He was wounded for our transgressions; chastisement of our peace was upon Him, and by his wounds we are healed. All we have wandered. Like sheep, have gone out each to his own way, and the Lord hath laid on Him the iniquity of us all. Istyazuem he was, but afflicted not open his mouth as a lamb. He is led to a slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so He opened not his mouth. From prison and the court he was taken away, but who shall declare His generation? For he was cut from the land of the living but for the transgression of my people was stricken. And he made his grave with the wicked, but He is buried in a rich, because they did not sin, neither was any deceit in His mouth. But it pleased the Lord to bruise Him, and He has put Him to grief: when His soul an offering for sin, He shall see life eternal, and the will of the Lord shall prosper in His hand "(Isaiah 53, 3-11).

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