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Russia can make to restore the monuments of the Nazis

July 8 2008

Another grandiose scandal could turn the process of ratification of the Russian-Latvian agreement on the status of war graves. As it turned out, the text of the document have holes that allow Latvians to oblige Russia to restore the monuments, buried in the territory of our country's soldiers who fought on the side of Nazi Germany.

Agreement under which Moscow and Riga have promised each other to equip the grave sites of fallen soldiers and victims of political repression, to care for the graves and help the citizens of both countries to visit the graves of their relatives in Russia and Latvia was signed in December last year. July 2, 2008 the State Duma majority in the first reading had ratified it.

Ratification of the treaty are supposed to fix all the problems associated with the liquidation or transfer of monuments to Soviet soldiers in the Baltic countries. At least the signing of an agreement with Latvia could increase the chances of signing a similar document with Lithuania and Estonia.

Some doubt at that time expressed by the representatives of the Communist Party who think that Latvia has to take care of monuments to Soviet soldiers, without any contract - out of gratitude for the country's liberation from the "brown plague." In addition, the deputy Yuli Kvitsinsky said that the text of the Agreement, the term "Latvia's burial" defined as "the burial places of soldiers and civilians who had the Latvian origin, or were born and lived in the territory of the Republic of Latvia have been killed or died as a result of wars and repression in the ... territory of the Russian Federation. " According to Julia Kvitsinsky, this implies that "persons who had a so-called" Latvian origin and poshedshie served in the German auxiliary police, the Sonderkommando and the legion of the Waffen-SS and participated in hostilities against us, as well as reprisals against partisans and peace population, now will find monuments and memorial structures on our land and will benefit from the protection of the Russian state under the control of the Latvian authorities. "

Communist MP is confident that this agreement can be easily understood and is filed so that in WWII there was a kind of the Latvian state occupied by the Soviet Union, the true sons of which the flag of the SS fought for the liberation of their country. " "And why it must be Latvian burial?" It's people, the Soviet citizens who had served the German Wehrmacht and the SS. This is a grave military Hitler's army, and they must be treated as such, possibly through appropriate arrangements with the Germans. Latvia, etc. is, the Latvian SSR, no war against the Soviet Union and its people does not lead. It were traitors - German accomplices of Latvian origin ", - said Yu Kvitsinsky.

Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs Konstantin Kosachev exclude the possibility of the appearance of monuments in Russia symbolism, forbidden by the legislation of Russia. Andrey Denisov also said that the dumping of "policemen and other" in Russia had no information about Riga is in negotiations primarily interested in the tombs of the Repressed.

Of course, I would like to Latvian side is not taken advantage of such legal hole in the Agreement. But one hundred percent sure this is still unlikely to be possible. Moreover, that the official historical documents just show acts of participation of the shooters, "the Latvian SS Legion" in the hostilities in the territory of the Russian Federation.

On the Ministry website RF posted the document "On participation of the Latvian SS Legion in War Crimes in 1941-1945.and attempts to revise the sentence the Nuremberg Tribunal in Latvia (background), in which sufficient details the history and activities "Latvian riflemen" new spill.

"25 August 1941 Commander of Army Group North, Field Marshal von Leeb officially permitted to take the service of the Lithuanians, Estonians and Latvians and create one special teams and volunteer battalions ...

In October 1941 the first Latvian battalion was sent to fight guerrillas in the Pskov region, and in December the same year the Latvian police have participated in the punitive actions on the territory of Belarus ...

In total during the war years was formed 41 such battalion (for comparison: in Lithuania - 23, and in Estonia - 26). On average, each battalion consisted of 300 people., Although the number of individual and reached 600 people. Latvian battalions operating in Latvia, Ukraine, Belarus and other regions. So, in the Caucasus in the summer of 1942 in the rear of the German troops "to restore order," the 18 th and 27 th Latvian police battalions ...

In February 1942, based on 16, 19, 21 and 24 of the Latvian battalion was formed 2 nd Mechanised Brigade SS (2.SS-Infantereie-Brigade (mot), in autumn 1942 was sent to the eastern front near Leningrad ...

In November 1943, from the 39 th and 40 th Latvian Volunteer Regiment was formed 2 nd Latvian SS Volunteer Brigade. She participated in hostilities against the Red Army from November 1943 to January 18, 1944 in different parts of the Army "North" ...

In March 1943 and March 1944 as part of the Legion of the German High Command in Latvia were established 15-I (based on the 2nd Mechanized Brigade CC) and 19-I (based on 2nd Latvian SS Volunteer Brigade) volunteer SS Division. In March 1944, 15 th and 19 th Division were a part of 6-SS corps, which in turn was incorporated into the 18 th Army (Army Group North). During this period, she held positions on the shore r.Velikoy north of Ostrov and Pskov (the territory of today's Pskov Region), "- stated in the certificate.

In addition, the Latvian police battalions actively participated in the punitive operations in the territory of Ukraine, Belarus and Poland.

Of course, the ratification of the treaty far more pluses than minuses. On the territory of the Republic of Latvia is a 400 military burials in them rests the rights of five hundred thousand of our soldiers. The agreement also excludes unilateral measures on the exhumation and relocation of graves, which would make impossible a repetition of the Estonian scenario, when the monument along with the remains of Soviet soldiers buried there the power transferred from the city center to the outskirts. However, given the growing anti-Soviet Baltic countries and the anti-Russian sentiment, it is undesirable to allow a situation where such blunders in the Agreement will take advantage of if not the authorities of Latvia, certain nationalist organization, capable of provoking another round of conflict between the two countries.

Sergei Makarov


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