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Broken Cross

January 5 2007
03:07

Start the new year, it seems, nothing has changed in the relations between Estonia and Russia. As before, in this former Soviet republic continues to rage, anti-Russian sentiments are expressed in the desecration and destruction of monuments to Soviet soldiers who fell during the Second World War.

On the first day of New Year in the Latvian town Plyavinas unknown broke three commemorative plaque at the burial site of Soviet soldiers killed during the Second World War. And in the night of 3 January 4, the victim of extremists became a monument to "Grieving Woman" set in the Estonian city Mustvee - unknown broke installed in a mass grave 15 years ago, metal cross, and scattered flowers laid on the grave. This story was publicized by a local journalist Fyodor Maspanovu, which, in turn, told about her unwitting witness to the crime - a security guard that kept being built near the monument to a new frontier. According to residents of the town (and most of them Russian), an act of vandalism committed one of the newcomers. According to the guard, he saw the monument to a guy with a girl and guy behaved very effusively, "quoted a witness site "Postimees" .

Surprisingly, the vandals did not stop either that, at a mass grave was set a cross, nor the fact that the monument was almost in the center of the city, nor the fact that among the remains of the dead were not only Russian, but also representatives of other nations. For example, the Spanish pilot Benito Aguirre, who had fought against the fascists. This is not the first case of desecration of monuments to Soviet soldiers in Estonia. And although, under pressure from public opinion, the police announced a criminal investigation under the desecration of the memory of the victims, according to which vandals waiting to imprisonment up to one year, the chances that perpetrators will be found, and the decision will come into force are minimal.

So, a spokesman for the police Jõgeva Clyro Ryundva noted that "brawled on the grave of the people were probably drunk, but until the police have no suspicions against specific individuals, the website notes Postimees. Apparently, the factor of intoxication, in which case, play a mitigating role. At least more than the lenient sentence handed down by the county court of Valga County (South Estonia) 31-year-old Janek and 33-year-old Ahti for vandalism and desecration of a memorial monument to Soviet soldiers who fell during the Great Patriotic War, suggests a similar outcome. Thus, the above-mentioned Estonian patriots in August 2006, while intoxicated, smashed the plate with the names of the dead Red Army soldiers at the monument in Puka (Valga). But, being in the gang 13-year-old boy was released from criminal responsibility by reason of minority, while two others escaped with the hero probation.

And it could hardly be otherwise, if the supreme authority of the country by their actions and statements were in fact provoked the most spirited citizens to such acts.

We all remember the story of the suffering monument of Soviet soldiers, many times the victim at the hands of vandals. Around the monument was organized by the clock vigil of volunteers, but soon the Interior Minister Kalle Laanet banned rallies and demonstrations at the monument. But fat, all the explaining a line under this scandal, led Estonian Prime Minister Andrus Ansip, who declared that stands in the center of Tallinn, a monument to Soviet soldiers is long overdue to remove to another place, because it is a "symbol of the occupation of the country." And the president of Estonia Arnold Ruutel not found anything better than to propose a commission to discuss the situation around the monument.

Additional impetus for the anti-Soviet (read - anti-Russian) served as the sentiment and the amendment to Article 151 of the Penal Code of Estonia, dealing with "incitement of social hatred". According to these amendments, subject to criminal prosecution to show the "official symbols of the occupation regime", ie the Soviet Union, the Union of Soviet republics, Nazi Germany, National Socialist Workers Party and the SS. However, despite the fact that the criminal story fell as Soviet and Nazi symbols, none of the Estonian public figures do not recall and did not condemn officially permitted march veteran Nazi Waffen SS. Just as no one interfered with the Estonian parliament pass a bill that prohibits installing monuments, "inciting hatred and elevate the state occupied Estonia, and existing works of monumental art, which fall under this definition, the Estonian parliament have proposed to demolish. Of course, that was implied by the occupiers was not Hitler's Germany.

Meanwhile, underlying all of these events is, as one might expect, cause not so much an ethical or a nationalist, as a political nature. Shares desecration of monuments to Soviet soldiers who were "new Estonians" consider occupiers - a good trump card in the electoral landscape in the authorities. The slogans on the newfound independence of false patriotism and national identity are supported BRADY population. Especially among younger audiences.

Estonian ultra-extreme right parties still do not have a majority in Parliament and formally are in opposition. Moreover, in recent years they have been losing in popularity. Thus, on the basis of previous elections to the Riigikogu (Parliament) Joint Party "Union of Pro Patria / Res Publica" with difficulty overcame the five-percent barrier. And in the recent municipal elections in Tallinn and was defeated at all. However, the Estonian nationalists do not lose hope to raise his rating, and the theme of hatred for Russia was perhaps the principal in their line of conduct.

For example, members of the Union of the Motherland "has been accused by the Centre Party over its cooperation with Russia" United Russia ". In particular, in the view of the far right, namely the United Russia behind antiestonskoy campaign launched in Russia, and the agreement between the Russian party and the centrists undermined the national interests of Estonia. In this case, a deputy from the "Res Publica" Marko Mihkelson Estonian Foreign Ministry blamed for not doing enough to an information war with Russia.

Of course, there are also those for whom the promotion of anti-Russian sentiment in Estonia only on the hand. Back in 2005, U.S. President George W. Bush unequivocally stated that the Soviet Union occupied Eastern Europe. "... I'm going to focus on the contribution that America and many other states have made in the victory over Nazism. For Western Europe after World War II meant liberation. In Central and Eastern Europe, the war marked the Soviet occupation and annexation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania as well as the spreading of communism "- wrote George W. Bush. Used Baltic map hatred and fugitive oligarch Boris Berezovsky. "The question of equal treatment of fascism and communism is correct," - says Berezovsky.

But political games - political games. At stake is, in essence, is the fate of the nation. "Do not shoot the gun out of the past, or future can return fire from the gun," said Dagestani poet Rasul Gamzatov. In Russia, too, was something similar in relation to the Soviet past. And although there are as opponents and defenders of the Soviet Union, this antagonism does not drive opponents to the barricades.Another thing, the growth of fascist tendencies in society and the idealization of the ideology of nazism. Perhaps not the best of patriotic Estonians do not remember, do not know or do not want what is fascism for the entire world. Today, they feel more comfortable as the occupants to call the Soviet soldiers, among whom were Russian, and Spanish, and Estonians, but tomorrow they will turn against the false patriotism of their own. And then the story will once again be right. But it will be too late.

Igor Kulagin

igor_k

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