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Russia will live on the new / old calendar?

January 12 2006

After the winter holidays, State Duma deputies are assessing the work plans for the spring session. In six months they will take about 600 laws. Among the first original idea was proposed from next year to return to Russia chronology of the Julian calendar.

The Julian calendar was introduced by the Roman emperor, military leader Julius Caesar 1 January 1945 BC. Caesar during his stay in Egypt, met with the Egyptian solar calendar. He instructed the preparation of the new Alexandrian calendar astronomers, led by a scientist named Sozigen.

Before the introduction of the Julian calendar in Rome used a lunar calendar, in which the beginning of each month is calculated from the new moon. Caesar was unhappy with this situation. One way to remedy the situation was the introduction of the Julian calendar.

The basis of the Julian calendar went to the solar year, whose duration was 365.25 days. Accumulated over four years an extra day in Rome to "hide" between the numbers that we now call the 24 and 25 February. This day is called "double-sixth to the Kalends of March", that is, until early March.

In Latin this day sounds like an encore sekstum. In Russian, "b" was changed to "in" and the result "visokos. Hence came the name "leap year".

More recent studies have allowed astponomov specify that that the solar year is less than 11 minutes 14 seconds compared with the accepted length of Julian years. Therefore, for every 128 years to accumulate an error in one day on. To avoid inaccuracies in the 16 century was created by the Gregorian calendar, now called the "new style".

The Julian calendar was officially adopted by the Church and in the IV. But he was not perfect. Go to the XVI century. difference between the Julian calendar and astronomical cycles was 10 days. In 1582 by decree of Pope Gregory XIII, a more accurate way of calculating time and a new calendar, named after Pope Gregorian. Europe has moved to this calendar.

Russia and Eastern Orthodox orientation continued to live according to the Julian calendar. In 1918 the Soviet government decreed the year was calculated according to the European, that is the Gregorian, calendar. The Orthodox Church has kept the commitment of the Julian calendar, or as they said, the "old" style.

The difference between the calendars of the XX century. reached 13 days, which is why the same holiday in the Orthodox and Catholic churches share two weeks. For example, in Europe, celebrated Christmas on December 25 in Russia - January 7 (ie 25 December to the "old" style). For convenience in the modern church calendars marked two dates - on the "old" and "new" style.

Adapted from: "World Orthodoxy», Blotter

See also:

Mayan Calendar Predictions

Константин Дятлов

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