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"Matrix" as it is: guess what philosophers of the past ...

August 6 2005
08:00

The famous, already a cult film the Wachowski brothers 'The Matrix' for many visitors was a real revelation, putting before them a number of issues. How much a person can trust the senses? Suddenly, indeed the surrounding area - just deception, illusion?

Perhaps it will surprise you, but the Wachowski brothers are not pioneers.

Nature of reality took thinkers of all time. The Greek philosopher Plato in his book "State" solved the problem by the symbol "Caves". Imagine the kind of community of people who by birth are in the cave, and instead of the real world perceive its reflection in the form of shadows on the walls of their homes. One of the inmates can not leave the cave and discover the true reality. When he comes back and tries to explain to others what he saw, then stumbles upon a misunderstanding and aggression.

In the XVIII century Irish bishop George Berkeley believed that the world exists only in our perception. He was convinced that this is our common sense. Can not think of anything that is not perceived, and even at the very attempt to think about something as we are imperceptible, thinking about it, this is perceived.

Berkeley's ideas continued to develop the Scottish philosopher, historian and economist David Hume. He argued that we can not prove the existence of the external world as the source of the existence of our sensations. Hume believed that in the learning process we are dealing only with the content of our sensations, rather than their source. Therefore, we can not prove either that the world exists objectively, nor that it does not exist.

The famous philosopher of the XIX century Arthur Schopenhauer, broad-minded man, was one of the first European thinkers who are interested in Eastern philosophy. Talking about the environment of the modern human world of struggle and suffering, Schopenhauer uses the Eastern Indian word "Maya", indicating the unreality and hollowness of this world. The true state of the world he describes is the word "nirvana", referring to a state of complete tranquility and indifference.

And now we come to the fun. It turns out the original idea, which at different times occur to Western philosophers, have long been known in the East, people who practice Buddhism.

Around the II century BC Indian monk Nagarjuna, the founder of teaching on the Middle Way, starting from the doctrine of cause and dependent arising of all things, came to the conclusion that nothing exists by itself, does not have its own existence and its own essence. Any element exists only at the expense of its relations with all other elements outside the chain of cause and effect it has no existence. Consequently, all the elements of "reality" bessuschnostny and empty. But it is not emptiness (Sunyata) in our usual sense, and the original nature of all things as they are described in terms of ultimate truth.

We live in interesting time of the merger, as it seemed before mutually exclusive philosophical ideas and polar cultures. At the junction of different sciences are born new, there were multi-disciplinary research. Perhaps in the near future all this will help unveil the mysteries of the world as a total illusion. Curiously, what would happen if the secret of being known only a few enlightened Buddhist monks to become the province of all mankind.

itayte also: Do not sleep! " History of mathematics - the legendary drink for these Indians

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Константин Дятлов

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