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Scholarly promise to decipher the human genome for 7 days and 5,000 dollars

October 8 2008

Scientists from the U.S. company Complete Genomics intends to read the full human genome for just 5000 dollars. This is the lowest price genome, it can lead to genome on a massive scale.

For the first time the human genome has been read in 2003. This was conditional "gene Frankenstein" because its different parts were composed of DNA of different people. The cost of this project was estimated at $ 3 billion

In 2007, scientists have read the gene discoverer of DNA structure by James Watson. It was the second in the world of the genome, read from the individual person. The cost of this project is $ 1-1,5 million

Since then, scientists have read a few more individual genomes, and the cost of this process was reduced to tens of thousands of dollars per genome.

Now a newly formed company Complete Genomics announced that can read the full human genome for just five thousand dollars in seven days. According to CEO Cliff Reid, this was achieved through technical improvements of the method, and also due to some organizational features.

The company expects to receive orders not from individuals but from other pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies, as well as government agencies. Total firm plans to read next year, thousands of individual genomes, and in 2010 - 20 thousand genomes.

Another biotechnology company, Personal Genome Project, which has already deciphered several individual genomes, considers it possible to reduce the cost of this procedure, up to one thousand dollars, but so far, executives say, is "difficult to achieve."

As they note, the knowledge of all the genes of the human can be used for diagnosis, as well as for the prevention of many diseases, which will improve health and save a considerable amount of drugs.

Mass reading individual genomes, according to scientists, may begin at a cost of about $ 1000.

For scientists, who will be able to read the 100 human genomes in ten days, has appointed award - a prize in genomics (X Prize in Genomics), $ 10 million, according to Dr. Reid, the company Complete Genomics is not yet ready for such results, since it still requires too much investment.

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