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Time Machine: May 30, in world history

May 30 2007
11:00

Historical events and inventions:

May 30, 1814 was signed the Paris peace treaty. Country's anti-Napoleonic coalition (Russia, Britain, Austria and Prussia) made peace with France. Later the contract was joined by Sweden, Portugal and Spain. Under the agreement, France remained within the boundaries that existed on January 1, 1792, she returned all the colonies, and works of art, Napoleon removed from captured countries, were in the Paris museums.

On this day in 1896 there was the infamous tragedy at Khodynka. On the occasion of the coronation of Nicholas II were arranged festivities, during which, according to official figures, 1,389 people died, about 1500 were seriously injured. Anecdotal evidence, as always, more frightening: 20,000 victims.

May 30, 1911 in the United States was the first famous racing the 500 miles of Indianapolis. The winner was Ray Harroun.

On this day in 1913, after the First Balkan War, London peace treaty was signed between the States of the Balkan Union - Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro and Greece - and Turkey. The Turks lost all their possessions in the Balkans (except in Istanbul) and the island of Crete. Albania became formally independent state.

May 30, 1942 at the Supreme Command was established central headquarters of the partisan movement.

On this day in 1962, his first concert in the Soviet Union gave the famous American jazz musician Benny Goodman. This musician celebrated his 53-year anniversary.

May 30, 2003 was the last flight of the famous Concorde - European supersonic aircraft.

On this day were born:

According to the chronicles, May 30, 1220 was born Alexander Nevsky (1220 - 14/11/1263), the legendary Russian prince, the grandson of Yuri Dolgoruky and the grandson of Vsevolod the Big Nest. Alexander Yaroslavich happen to live in the darkest period of Russian history: Russ suffered fragmentation, but to its border blew down the invaders. By early 1240 there was a strong anti-Russian coalition of Livonia, Denmark, Sweden and the Hanseatic League. The first summer was attacked by the Swedes. 15 July on the banks of the Neva, at the confluence with Izhora, Alexander defeated the numerically superior enemy, losing only a few dozen were killed. For this victory he was called Nevsky. Later, in April 1242 to Russia attacked Knights platypus. On the ice of Lake Peipsi happened Battle on the Ice. Later, in 1245 at Toropets Prince defeated and the main forces of the Lithuanians. On the western borders of Russia relative calm. Subsequently, the true defender of the Russian land was canonized.

On this day in 1423, was born Henry IV (30.5.1366 - 20.3.1413), King of England, founder of the dynasty of Lancaster.

May 30, 1846 Peter Carl Faberge was born (1846 - 24.9.1920), an internationally renowned jeweler, of whose works are best known eggs with miniatures and inlays.

On this day in 1896, was born Howard Hawks (1896 - 12/26/1977), the famous American film director. The wizard has successfully filmed gangster, detective, war pictures, westerns and comedies, but his most famous film was the legendary film "Some Like It Hot" (in the original - "Some Like it Hot." Wizard won an Oscar.

May 30, 1934 was born Alexei Leonov, the famous cosmonaut, twice Hero of the Soviet Union.It was he who first came out in open space and the first on-orbit reached over U.S. astronauts.

On this day in 1936, was born Slava Metreveli Kalistratovich (1936 - 07/01/1998), a famous Soviet soccer player, one of the best strikers in the extreme. He was twice champion of the Union to play for the world.

May 30, 1937 (70 years) was born Alexander Demyanenko (1937 - 22.8.1999), the legendary Soviet film actor. Played many roles but is best known for his Shurik - from comedies by Leonid Gaidai.

May 30, 1946 was born Roxana Rubenovna Babayan, singer, wife of actor MM Derzhavin.

On this day in 1961, was born Ayanovna Arina Sharapova, the famous TV host.

On this day, have died:

According to legend, on this day in 727, died St. Hubert (~ 655 - 727), the famous missionary and bishop of Liege. It is said that Hubert turned to Christianity after he was a deer with a shining cross between its horns. Later, Saint-Hubert was named the patron saint of hunters.

May 30, 1431 died on Joan of Arc (06/01/1412 - 1431), the national heroine of France. Burned at the stake.

On this day in 1640, died, Peter Paul Rubens (06/28/1577 - 1640), the famous Flemish painter.

May 30, 1778 died Voltaire (Francois Marie Arouet) (21/11/1694 - 1778), French writer and philosopher, educator.

On this day in 1960, died Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (02/10/1890 - 1960), poet, novelist and Nobel laureate. Read "Doctor Zhivago"?

May 30, 1964 died Leo Szilard (11/02/1898 - 1964), an American physicist of Hungarian origin, one of the founders of the first nuclear reactor.

On this day in 1994, died Marcel Bich (29/07/1914 - 1994), the famous French inventor who created the culture of one-time items - pens, lighters and shavers.

Name days:

According to the Orthodox calendar May 30 birthday note: Athanasius, Nicephorus, Stepan and Theophanes.

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