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Day of Russia's military glory

August 23 2007
10:00

August 23 in accordance with Federal Law № 95 3.13 32-FZ "On the days of military glory (victorious days) of Russia - Day of Russia's military glory, the Day of the defeat of Soviet troops Nazi troops in the Battle of Kursk (1943).

Kursk battle was decisive in ensuring the fundamental change in the Great Patriotic War. Hitler's command planned to conduct a major offensive in the summer of 1943, seize the strategic initiative and turn the tide of war in their favor. For this purpose was developed and in April 1943 approved the military operation code-named "The Citadel".

Having information on the preparation of the German troops to advance, the Supreme Command decided to temporarily move to the defensive on the Kursk salient and in the defensive battle weaken the enemy and strike groups that create favorable conditions for the transition of Soviet troops in the counter-attack, and then in the overall strategic offensive .

Kursk battle lasted from July 5 to August 23, 1943.

Developing the offensive, Soviet ground forces, backed by air strikes from the air armies, as well as long-range aircraft, to August 23, 1943 threw the enemy on the west by 140-150 km, and liberated Orel, Belgorod and Kharkov.

The Wehrmacht had lost the Battle of Kursk 1930 elite divisions, including seven tank, over 500 thousand soldiers and officers, 1,5 thousand tanks, over 3,700 aircraft, and three thousand pieces. Soviet losses surpassed the Germans - they amounted to 863 thousand people, including 254 thousand deadweight.

Kursk the Red Army lost about six thousand tanks. After the Battle of Kursk, the balance of forces at the front, abruptly changed in favor of the Red Army, which provided her a favorable environment for the deployment of an overall strategic offensive. Reports Calend.ru.

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