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Time Machine: March 22, in world history

March 22 2007
08:30

Historical events and inventions:

According to European historical chronicles, March 22, 1312 Pope Clement V dissolved the legendary Roman Catholic Order of the Knights Templar. Property of the knights and monks of the Order moved to other church orders, or had been confiscated by the state.

On this day in 1882, Congress has banned polygamy.

March 22, 1888 in London, brought together representatives of twelve British football clubs, who have formed an English football league.

It was March 22, 1907 appeared the first taxi counters. Cars were traveling on the British capital. At the same time was born and the name of this type of urban transport: the counter gave the name taksimetrov (from the French word "tahe" and the Greek «metron», meaning "board" and "measurement").

On this day in 1919, appeared the first international airline - the aircraft would operate between Paris and Brussels.

On March 22, 1935 Persia officially became Iran.

On this day in 1943 there was one of the greatest atrocities of the Nazis - burned to ashes the Belarusian village of Khatyn. Locking up people in a huge barn, punitive set it on fire. Were burned to death 149 people, including 75 children.

March 22, 1945 was founded the League of Arab States. The group originally included Egypt, Syria, Transjordan (now Jordan), Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq.

On this day in 1951, the decision of the Council of Ministers was established Central TV studio, which allowed for daily TV in Moscow and Leningrad. Five years later began broadcasting on 2-y program, and in the late 50's Soviet television would be all-Union.

22 March 1985 adopted the famous Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone layer of our planet. We are increasingly told that he is up and down independently of human activity.

On this day were born:

March 22, 1394 was born Mohammed Taragay Ulugbek (1394 - 27/10/1449), the legendary Central Asian scholar, who built in the years 1428-29. near Samarkand observatory. The grandson of Timur (Tamerlane).

On this day in 1880, was born Alexander Kuprin (1880 - 18.3.1960), a distinguished painter. His work is represented in the Tretyakov Gallery - from the industrial landscapes to still lifes.

March 22, 1905 was born Grigory Mikhailovich Kozintsev (1905 - 11.5.1973), a famous Soviet film director ("Youth of Maxim", "The Return of Maxim", "The Vyborg Side," "Don Quixote", "Hamlet," "King Lear"). People's Artist of USSR, laureate of the two Stalin and Lenin prizes.

Also on 22 March, but in 1915, was born George S. Zhzhyonov (1915 - 8.12.2005), the famous actor, People's Artist of the USSR. He began as a circus performer, where he was noticed and soon was invited to the movies. However, in 1938 during the filming of "Komsomolsk" Zhzhyonov was arrested on suspicion of espionage and was on the Kolyma. Only in 1945, he was released and arrested again in 1949. Only in the mid-50's he returned to Leningrad, began to play in the theater and then open the movie. Nation-wide fame actor brought the films "Beware of the Car," "Blunder" (and several sequels), and "Hot Snow" and, of course, "Crew".

March 22, 1926 was born Benjamin P. Efremov, a famous engineer, academician, and since 1992 - chief designer of the concern "Antey". Creator of unique air-defense systems.

On this day in 1949, was born Fanny Ardant, the famous French actress.

AlsoMarch 2, 1951 born Musa Hiramanovich Manara, cosmonaut.

March 22, 1958 was born Valeri Miladovich Syutkin, famous musician and singer. He played with groups of "Phone", "Fan-o-man" and, of course, "Bravo". Now, the musician performs with his band Syutkin and K ". The cult of "mods" and nostalgia for the glorious 1950 - Here Skate Valeria Syutkina.

This day died:

March 22, 1832, died Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28/08/1749 - 1832), the famous German poet and scientist.

On this day in 1889, died Pyotr Andreyevich Shuvalov (06/27/1827 - 1889), Count, diplomat, a close adviser to Alexander II. Who headed the reactionary faction in the government and to actively oppose all the reforms, Shuvalov was nicknamed "the second Arakcheeva.

March 22, 1994 Walter died Lantts (04/27/1900 - 1994), the famous American cartoonist, creator of Woody Woodpecker restless.

Also that day, but in 2001 he died, William Hahn (07/14/1910 - 2001), another leading American cartoonist, who together with Joseph Barbera created Tom and Jerry.

Name days:

Today the Orthodox calendar birthday note: Alexander, Alexander, Alexis, Athanasius, Valery, Guy, Dmitry, Ilya, Ivan, Irakli, Cyril, Michael, Natalie, Nicholas, Sergei, Taras and Fedul.

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