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November 21 all employees TV celebrate their professional holiday

November 21 2007
05:02

17 December 1996 the General Assembly proclaimed 21 November as World Television Day, commemorating the date of the first World Television Forum at the United Nations. States were invited to celebrate this day, exchanging television programs, focusing on issues such as peace, security, economic and social development and enhancement of cultural exchanges.

Although the holiday has been celebrated not long ago, the history of television began some 80 years ago. The first experiments using electron beams for transmitting and receiving images over a certain distance were still in the early 20-ies of XX century in the United States, Japan and the Soviet Union.
In 1933 an American engineer Russian-born Vladimir Zvorykin managed to invent the cathode tube, which is still a major part of most TVs.

With the opening of Zvorykina, already in 1936 began regular television broadcasts in the UK and Germany, in 1941 - and the U.S.. However, only in the 50's TV was the mass distribution in Europe. In most developing countries in their own state and private television have arisen later in the 60's - early 70's.
Today the world is not left the States, are not covered by television. The largest broadcasters of the world include: CBC, NBC, ABC - in the U.S.; BBC, ATV - in the UK; RAI - Italy; NHK - Japan, ZDF - Germany.

The history of national television dates back to experimental television broadcasts, which were held in Moscow already in the 30-ies of the system malokadrovogo mechanical television.

In 1932 he hosted the first transmission of moving images. In 1937 organized the first telecentre in Shabolovka. Since 1938, he carried out an experimental TV-based electronic systems, and in 1939 began regular television broadcasting. The first transfer was a demonstration of the movie on opening the 18 th Congress of the CPSU (b). In the future the active development of television in the Soviet Union, the war intervened. Two days before graduation - May 7, 1945 - telecentre in Shabolovka resumed its broadcasts, and on 15 December the same year the first in Europe has started regular broadcasting twice a week, reports calend.ru.

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