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"Time Machine": April 21, in world history

April 21 2007

Historical events and inventions:

On this day in 753 BC. Oe. was founded Rome. Date of foundation of the "Eternal City" is considered from the time of the Roman scholar Marcus Varro Terentius.

21 April 1519 on the coast of Mexico landed Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes.

On this day in 1880 was based Far Eastern Shipping Company.

April 21, 1939 in Leningrad, has opened a cinema "Moskva", the first trehzalny cinema in the Soviet Union.

On this day in 1960, Brazil received a new capital - the city of Brasilia, built from scratch in just four years. The author of the project was architect Oscar Nimeiri. April 21, all three branches of the republic at the same time were moved here from Rio de Janeiro.

Also that day, but in 1967 in Greece for a few days before the general election there was a military coup. Rebels led by Colonel George Papadopoulos, who established the regime of "black colonels", retains power until July 1974.

April 21, 1997 from a military base in the Canary Islands was launched a space rocket "Pegasus". Home marked a "space burial" - was delivered into orbit remains of Timothy Leary (LSD-promoter of culture), the creator of the cult fiction saga Star Trek Gene Roddenberry and 22 others, who wished to remain forever among the stars.

On this day in 2005, the Summit of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the North Atlantic Alliance, then held in Vilnius, Lithuania, Russia and NATO signed an agreement on the status of troops.

On this day were born:

April 21, 1735 was born Ivan Kulibin (1735 - 11.8.1818), the legendary Russian engineer a self-taught. It was he who invented the spotlight, semaphore telegraph and suggested arched bridges.

Also that day, but in 1758 was born Arina Rodionovna Yakovlev (1758 - 12.8.1828), serf, the famous nurse of Alexander Pushkin. In 1799, she was emancipated, but remained in the family of the poet's parents and nursed their children. Pushkin did not forget her until the end of life and devoted his beloved nanny a few poems. "With it just me bored" - he would write.

April 21, 1830 was born James Sterley (1830 - 1881), English inventor of the bicycle, which is considered the founder of the bicycle industry as a whole.

On this day in 1864, was born on Max Weber (1864 - 1920), the outstanding German sociologist, historian and economist, lawyer, founder of modern sociology.

April 21, 1915 was born Anthony Quinn (1915 - 03/06/2001), a famous American actor, winner of two Oscars. We watched "bluff"?

On this day in 1922, was born Stanislav I. Rostotsky (1922 - 10.8.2001), a famous film director who directed such masterpieces as "We'll Live Till Monday," The Dawns Here Are Quiet "," White Bim - Black Ear. "

April 21, 1926 was born Elizabeth II, reigning monarch of Britain.

On this day in 1947, was born Iggy Pop (James Osterberg Jewel), a famous American singer, considered a pioneer of punk rock.

April 21, 1955 born Chris Kelme (Anatoly Kalinkin), singer and composer, the creator of "Rock studio. Everyone has heard the song "closing the circle"?

p align = "justify"> In this day in 1958, was born Andie MacDowell, a famous American actress.

This day died:

According to European historical chronicles, April 21, 1109, died Anselm of Canterbury (1033 - 1109), the classical theologian and philosopher.

On this day in 1766, died Alexei Petrovich Bestuzhev-Ryumin (06/01/1693 - 1766), Count, diplomat, Field Marshal. During the reign of Elizabeth led the foreign policy of Russia.

April 21, 1910 died, Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) (30/11/1835 - 1910), a famous American writer.

On this day in 1918 killed Manfred von Richthofen (05/02/1892 - 1918), the famous German ace pilot, shot down during World War 80 aircraft. That he carried the nickname "Red Baron" - the color of his Fokker triplane model.

21 April 1946 died John Maynard Keynes (05/06/1883 - 1946), a distinguished British economist, became classics of the science.

On this day in 1965, died Edward Victor Appleton (09/06/1892 - 1965) the famous English physicist, Nobel laureate. It was he who discovered the ionosphere, and two years later found in her upper reflective layer. These discoveries contributed to the development of reliable short-wave radio at great distances and were invaluable in establishing radar.

April 21, 1980 died Alexander Ivanovich Oparin (03/02/1894 - 1980), a prominent Soviet academician, a biochemist, proposed the original theory of the origin of life.

On this day in 1996 was destroyed by Johar Dudayev (15/04/1944 - 1,996), general and first president of the Chechen Republic (Chechnya), who soon gathered under its origins separatists. Killed in a missile attack - at the time he was talking on the phone.

Name days:

According to the Orthodox calendar, April 21 birthday celebrate Ivan, Luke and Jacob.

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