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Time Machine: March 20, in world history

March 20 2007

Historical events and inventions:

According to the Russian annals, March 20, 1535 in our country had a monetary reform - took place on the introduction of a unified monetary system. The right to circulate only had new silver coin - penny, money, and mite cast on the Czar Mint. This day can also be regarded as the birthday penny, as earlier, when Grand Prince Vasili, the Head of State depicted on the money on a horse, sword in hand, but now he was holding a spear, and why money became known as Copain.

On that day in 1699 Peter the Great established the first Russian Order - St. Andrew.

Also on this day in 1854 in the U.S. was founded by the Republican Party.

March 20 (March 8, Old Style) 1898 in St. Petersburg hosted the first hockey game. In the sports section of the newspaper "Petersburg leaf was written:" March 8 club sports fans arranged on "Northern Ice Rink" is the first in Russia contest in the game "hockey". This kind of sport for not having seen him quite incomprehensible. Groups of young people on skates beat the (party to party) a small gutta-percha ball with long sticks with a hook on the end. The goal - to drive the ball into the opponents of the city ... "Now it is this date is considered the birthday of Russian hockey, which is particularly strong in the famous 60-70-ies of the last century.

March 20, 1930 formed the Moscow Aviation Institute - MAI.

On this day in 1933 near Munich, was opened the first Nazi concentration camp - Dachau. It is here began to send thousands of Gypsies, Jews, political prisoners and the Communists.

March 20, 1934 German engineer Rudolf Kuhnold, who led the research laboratory Nazi Navy, first tested the radar.

On this day in 1969, held the wedding legendary Beatles John Lennon and Yoko Ono. The ceremony was held at the British Consulate in Gibraltar.

March 20, 1986 French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac became. For the first time in the history of the country's then president Francois Mitterrand and Prime Minister (Chirac) represented different political forces.

On this day in 1991 killed 4-year-old son Eric Clapton - Conor. The tragedy occurred in New York: baby fell out of the windows of the apartment his mother, located at 53 th floor. Later, in memory of his son musician wrote a song «Tears in Heaven».

March 20, 1992 created the rank of Hero of the Russian Federation.

On that day in 1995 in the Tokyo subway system occurred, the notorious gas attack. The five small groups of members of the radical Aum Shinrikyo cult sprayed military nerve gas sarin, and fled. The attack killed 12 people and injured more than five thousand. According to experts, the city really lucky - the criminals have acted unprofessionally.

20 March 2000 the then chairman of the RF Government, and at the same time, the Acting President Vladimir Putin flew from Krasnodar in Chechnya in a fighter plane Su-27UB. Head of State allowed to "shake their wings, as well as change the pitch.

March 20, 2003 began the historic invasion of the United States and allies in Iraq. The international coalition forces as its main goal the overthrow of the dictatorial regime of Saddam Hussein and the formation of a democratic government in Iraq.There were two stated aims - finding and destroying weapons of mass destruction and detection of data indicative of support for Hussein to international terrorism. The operation was called "Shock and Awe" and lasted until 1 May 2003. During this time, according to the Washington-based advocates, over the territory of the country was established complete control. However, "the final victory of freedom over tyranny," the peacekeepers themselves is called the capture of Saddam Hussein, which occurred on December 13, 2003. During the active phase of the campaign lost a total of 140 U.S. troops and thousands more were killed by guerrillas. The attacks and provocations continued until now. It is remarkable that by early 2004 it became clear that the U.S. and its allies failed to find even traces of weapons of mass destruction, as they failed and to prove the charges of supporting terrorism, the Iraqi regime. Saddam Hussein is tried and executed on Dec. 30, 2006.

On this day in 2005 in the Kyrgyz city of Jalal-Abad, there was a mini-coup: the opposition protesting the results of parliamentary elections, seized the town hall, the building department, Regional Administration and the airport.

On this day were born:

According to European historical chronicles, March 20, 1943 BC. Oe. born Ovid (Publius Ovidius Nazon) (43 BC. Oe. - 17 BC), legendary Roman poet, famous for his erotic poems on mythological themes.

March 20, 1933, Alexander was born Moiseevich Gorodnitsky, a famous scholar and bard, First Prize winner Okudzhava.

Also that day, but in 1968, was born Ekaterina Strizhenova,

actress and television presenter.

This day died:

March 20, 1413, died Henry IV (4.4 or 05/30/1366 - 1413), the legendary king of England, founder of the dynasty of Lancaster.

On this day in 1897 (110 years ago) died Apollon Mike (06/04/1821 - 1897), the famous Russian poet.

Also that day, but in 1898, died Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin (01/25/1832 - 1898), an outstanding artist.

March 20, 1990, died Lev Yashin (22/10/1929 - 1990), the prominent Soviet player, acknowledged as the best goalkeeper in the world. Five-time champion of the USSR (Dynamo Moscow), Olympic champion in 1956, winner of the European Cup in 1960, winner of "Golden Ball" European Footballer of 1963.

Name days:

According to the Orthodox calendar, March 20 birthday note: Antonina, Basil, Eugene, Evdokia, Catherine, Emelyan, Ephraim, Capito, Lawrence, Mary, Matrona, Hope, Nestor, Nick and Paul.

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