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Time Machine: May 19, in world history

May 19 2007
11:00

Historical events and inventions:

May 19, 1571 established the capital of the Philippines - Manila. First stone laid at the base of the Basque Miguel Lopez Legaspi.

On this day in 1712 Emperor Peter I moved the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg.

On the same day, but in 1802 was established by France's highest award - the Legion of Honor. The initiative belongs to Napoleon Bonaparte.

May 19, 1922 as the birthday of the pioneers, but rather the All-Union Pioneer Organization named after Lenin.

On this day in 1980 on the screens out of the country's legendary film by Andrei Tarkovsky's "Stalker" on the novel by Strugatsky brothers' Roadside Picnic ". Starring Alexander Kaidanovsky, Anatoly Solonitsyn, Nikolai Grinko and Alisa Freundlich.

May 19, 1989 in Moscow, began the first all-union competition "Miss of the USSR - 89. Moscow tenth grade winner was Julia Sukhanov (172, 55, 91-59-90).

On this day were born:

May 19, 1593 was born Jacob Jordaens (1593 - 18/10/1678), the famous Flemish painter.

On the same day, but already in 1762, was born Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762 - 29.1.1814)

German social activist and idealist philosopher.

May 19, 1890 was born on Ho Chi Minh (1890 - 09/03/1969), the leader of the Vietnamese people.

May 19 1914 Max Ferdinand Perutz was born (1914 - 02/06/2002), the legendary English biochemist, one of the first to obtain three-dimensional protein structure.

On the same day in 1925, Pol Pot was born (1925 - 15.4.1998), the notorious leader of the Khmer Rouge. April 17, 1975 "Revolutionary Army" of Pol Pot came to the capital Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The dictator is called Kampuchea country and announced the construction of a new society in the country within just a few days. Have been executed, almost all officials, soldiers, teachers and doctors - Pol Pot killed nearly two million people.

May 19, 1938 was born Aramovich Igor Ter-Hovhannisyan, the legendary Soviet athlete - long jumper. Three-time European champion and former world record holder, double Olympic medalist.

On this day in 1946, was born Michele Placido, the famous Italian actor. Commissioner Cattani remember from the movie "Octopus"?

May 19, 1972 was born Jenny Cecilia Berggren, member of Swedish pop group «Ace of Base».

Also on May 19, but in 1975, was born Eva Pol'na, lead singer of pop group "Visitors from the future."

On the same day - in 1977, was born Natalia Oreiro, Argentine singer and actress.

On this day, have died:

According to the chronicles, May 19, 1125 died Vladimir Monomakh II (1053 - 1125), Prince of Smolensk, Chernigov, Pereyaslavskaya, and finally, the Grand Prince of Kiev. The governor fought against feudal infighting in Kiev Russia, fought with Polovtsi, founded the city of Vladimir, and in the Instruction, as he left his sons, urged children to strengthen the unity of Russia.

May 19, 1389 died Dmitry Donskoy (10/12/1350 - 1389), the legendary prince of Moscow, who defeated the Tatars.

p align = "justify"> In this day in 1825, died Claude Henri de Rouvroy Saint-Simon (17/10/1760 - 1825), a French utopian socialists.

May 19, 1868 died Benjamin Lee Guinness (01/11/1798 - 1868), the famous Irish brewer and first lord mayor of Dublin.

On this day in 1935, died Thomas Edward Lawrence (of Arabia) (15/08/1888 - 1935), a British spy. Got in a motorcycle accident, he soon died of his wounds.

May 19, 1961 died Vasiliy Zaitsev (10/01/1911 - 1961), the legendary fighter pilot, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel. He personally shot down 34 enemy aircraft and 19 more fascist machinery - in the group.

Name days:

According to the Orthodox calendar May 19 birthday note: Basil, Denis, Ivan, Hilarion, Kasian, Micah, and Pakhomov.

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