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His day note Submariners

March 19 2008
02:32

On March 19 Russia celebrates the Day of submariners. In 1906, by decree of Emperor Nicholas II in the classification of ships the Navy introduced a new category of ships - submarines. The same decree of the Russian fleet included 10 submarines. The first of them - "Dolphin" - was built at the Baltic Shipyard in 1904.

Russian-Japanese War was the first in world history, which was attended not yet officially recognized, but it forced the enemy to flinch a new class of naval vessels - submarines.

The first compound of Russia - the brigade of submarines - was formed in 1911 as part of the Baltic Fleet and based in Libau. The brigade consisted of 11 submarines, floating bases "Europe" and "Khabarovsk".

In the First World War 1914-1918. Submarines are widely used to control the sea lanes. And by the end of the war the submarine finally emerged as an independent branch of the Navy, capable of solving both tactical as well as some operational problems.

During the period from 1930 to 1939 for the fleet of the USSR were built more than 20 large, 80 medium, 60 small submarines and 20 submarine mine-layers. By the beginning of World War II, consisting of four fleet had 212 submarines.

Organizationally, they were reduced to brigades, divisions and groups. Ran their fleet commander, battle and managed daily operations of the submarine fleet department. Problem of submarines and their areas of hostilities by the military council fleet.

The turning point in the history of the Soviet merchant marine was the introduction in submarines in 50 years, nuclear power plants. Due to this they have virtually unlimited endurance.

Already by 1961 the Russian navy had 9 nuclear submarines - 4 and 5 missile torpedo. All in all, the Soviet Union built 243 nuclear submarines of different classes and, in view of tsarist Russia, more than 1000 diesel-powered submarines.
Now for the Russian Navy established group of underwater nuclear cruisers with cruise missiles. In its structure - Project 949A submarines armed with 24 rockets of type "Granite". This group is capable of high efficiency to solve the problems of defeat gangs surface targets, including carrier-based compounds, reported calend.ru.
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