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Time Machine: May 18, in world history

May 18 2007
11:00

Historical events and inventions:

May 18, 1703 there was the first victory the Baltic Fleet of Russia. After the fall of the fortress at the mouth of the Neva Nyenskans appeared Swedish squadron. Unaware of the capture of the fortifications, the enemy ships "Gedan" and "Astrild" anchored close to shore. Russian vessels approached by boats - Peter I put one of them downstream to the Swedes did not go to sea, while the other attacked them from the opposite side. Led troops were Peter and Alexander Menshikov. 30 boats came close to an enemy's ships, and soldiers rushed to the boarding. On the Russian boats had no guns, while the Swedes they were 18. Peter the Great's soldiers gained the upper hand: almost all Swedes were killed. Winners were awarded with medals, the inscription on them read: "The unprecedented happen", while Peter and Menshikov for personal courage and good management were awarded the highest award of Russia - the Order of St. Andrew.

On this day in 1721 was executed by the oldest victim of the Inquisition - at stake in Madrid burned 96-year-old Mary Carillo.

May 18, 1724 in Moscow, a solemn coronation of Catherine I.

On the same day, but already in 1753 by decree of Empress Elizabeth of Russia was established by the country's first National Bank.

May 18, 1780 Catherine II approved the emblem of St. Petersburg: "In the red box 2 silver anchor, put the cross, and they are golden scepter."

On this day in 1896 in St. Petersburg at number 46 on the Nevsky Prospect opened Russia's first cinema.

May 18, 1911 was proposed by the classical scheme of the helicopter - did this student of Zhukovsky, a student of Boris YURYEV. The machine was a single-rotor with the rotor swashplate and tail rotor.

May 18, but already in 1944 on Stalin's orders had been carried out the deportation of Crimean Tatars to Central Asia.

This day in 1978 by UNESCO celebrated as International Museum Day. The initiator of this holiday was made by the Soviet Union - during 1977 in Moscow on 11 th General Conference of the International Council of Museums.

On this day were born:

According to the Central Asian chronicles, May 18, 1048 born Omar Khayyam (1048 - 12.4.1131), the great Persian and Tajik poet, mathematician and philosopher.

On this day in 1868, was born Nicholas II (1868 - 17.7.1918), the last Russian emperor, known as "Bloody." Shot by the Bolsheviks.

May 18, 1895 Augusto Cesar Sandino was born (1895 - 21.2.1934), the national hero of Nicaragua.

On this day in 1920, was born John Paul II (Karol Wojtyla) (1920 - 04/02/2005), Pope. At 22 years young Poles decided to become a priest. Subsequently becoming pope, he traveled a quarter of a century almost the entire world - the first of the popes visited the UK, Africa, met with Soviet General Secretary Mikhail S. Gobachevym, and visited Cuba. Will soon be canonized.

May 18, 1939 was born Giovanni Falcone (1939 - 23.5.1992), the famous Italian referee - a fighter against the Mafia.

On this day in 1957 (50 years) was born Michael Cretu, a famous French musician, founder and head of the project «Enigma».

Also that day, but in 1962, was born Sandra (Sandra Lauer Cretu)well-known German pop singer (group Arabesque "), wife of Michael Cretu's voice and the Enigma.

On this day, have died:

May 18, 1781 died Tupac Amaru II (José Gabriel Kondorkanki) (1740 - 1781), the leader of the largest uprisings of Peruvian Indians against Spanish oppression. Executed. In our days the name "Tupac Amaru is a left-wing extremist movement.

On this day in 1799, died Pierre Augustin Beaumarchais (Caron) (01/24/1732 - 1799), the great French playwright.

May 18, 1800 died Alexander V. Suvorov (11/24/1729 - 1800), the famous Russian military leader, Generalissimo.

On this day in 1949, died Nikolai Semashko (09/20/1874 - 1949), People's Commissar of Health.

May 18, 2001 died Alexei Petrovich Maresyev (05/20/1916 - 2001), a legendary pilot and Hero of the Soviet Union. It was he who lost both legs, but still continued to smash the fascists. His image has given the hero of his book, Boris Polevoy. Read "The Story of a Real Man?

Name days:

According to the Orthodox calendar May 18th Yes, sure, Chisinau, Irene and Jacob.

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