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Soon the world will not have enough food

April 16 2008

The food crisis and the social explosion at a global level is inevitable if the country's agriculture is not radically change their agricultural technology. This is stated in the UNESCO report on the state of agriculture in the world, presented in Paris on Tuesday.

Modern agrarian culture must change radically if the international community does not want population growth and climate change have resulted in social unrest and ecological catastrophe "- the document says.

According to its authors, the increase in food prices, depending on energy prices will continue due to increased demand, the spread of biofuels and increasing speculation in the field of agriculture.

The report proposes to change the technical base of agriculture, to reduce the harm caused to human health and the environment caused by the use of modern agro-technologies.

"We will have to reconcile objectives that are contrary to each other, in other words, produce more, but differently in order to simultaneously satisfy the growing demand for food, as well as respond to the challenges in health, ecology, and thus fulfill the social functions of agriculture "- said one of the speakers at the launch of UNESCO report.

In particular, the experts suggest to give priority to the development of environmental and "social" of agriculture, the development of second generation biofuels, to control the cultivation of genetically modified crops.

According to UNESCO experts, the adoption of these measures shall be urgent.

According to the organization since March 2007, prices for pulses and wheat increased by 87% and 130% respectively, while world grain stocks are at historically low levels.

Prices for rice, maize and wheat have yet to rise due to increasing demand for these crops for the production of these biofuels in countries such as China and India.

The report was prepared by 400 experts in the framework of the International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development »(IAASTD) in circumstances where there is a sharp jump in prices for agricultural products.

It was approved last week at a meeting in Johannesburg, which was attended by representatives of 64 countries.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), today 37 countries, including Moldova and Tajikistan faced a food crisis and in urgent need of food aid, reports RIA Novosti .

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