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Today, all over the world celebrate the International Day of the Blind

November 13 2007

According to the World Health Organization 13 November is celebrated as the Day of the Blind. It is in this day in 1745 in France was born Valentin Hauy - known educator, based in Paris and St. Petersburg, several schools and businesses for the Blind.

To the XVIII century, the world did not know schools for the blind. Valentin Hauy first demonstrated his method of teaching the blind, invented by them to the font. In 1784 in Paris, without government support and charitable societies for their personal funds in his own home has opened the world's first school for blind children, entitled "Workshop for blind workers. First student Valentina Hauy was selected on the church porch boy Francois de Lezyuer. Then the school received 11 more of his homeless peers.
Training and education of blind children Valentin Hauy put on a scientific basis. He has developed a relief-line font "uncial". This font was named from the Latin word meaning "equal in length to one ounce. These were large flat letters, extruded relief on thick paper. The main advantage of "uncial" lay in the fact that using this font could teach blind children to read and print books for the blind. Font was traveling, and it helps blind children to make a set of desired text. In addition, Valentin Hauy designed devices for the blind and dies for the manufacture of textured visual aids, maps and globes. This trade, and he taught his students. The idea of creating books for the blind also belongs to Valentin Hauy.

Despite the enormous financial difficulties, Valentin Hauy built the school's printing press and published several books in her relief-linear type - "untsialom. These were the first books for the blind. The books Valentine Hauy blind were trained until the invention of Louis Braille font shestitochiya relief. (In 1829, Frenchman Louis Braille - a pupil of the Paris National Institute for Blind Children has developed a universal system of Braille, who found spread all over the world).
In 1803 Valentin Hauy received a proposal of the Russian Emperor Alexander I to open in St. Petersburg, educational establishments for the blind. In 1807 Alexander I approved charter, staffing and budget of the St. Petersburg Institute for the Blind workers. This date is considered the beginning of the first educational institution for blind children in Russia. In memory of the first pioneers of the first schools for the blind in the world and marks the International Day of the Blind, said calend. ru.

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