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Time Machine: May 10, in world history

May 10 2007
11:00

Historical events and inventions:

May 10, 1871 ended with the Franco-German war of 1870-71 years. According to the signed peace Frankfurt Germany's victory went to the French province of Alsace and Lorraine, as well as repair in the amount of 5 billion francs.

On this day in 1906 opened the first meeting of the first State Duma of Russia. It lasted until July 22 when it was disbanded.

Also that day, but in 1913 the first flight C-9 ("Great Baltic" or "Grand") designer Igor Sikorsky. It is on this machine were first established four engines.

May 10, 1924 Director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation was appointed 29-year-old J. Edgar Hoover. It was during his FBI has gained unprecedented power, and his head held this post until his death in 1972.

On this day in 1933, took the infamous fascist burning books. On the square of the Opera in Berlin was destroyed about 20 000 "non-Aryan" volumes.

May 10, 1940 Nazi troops invaded neutral Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. As in the case of Poland, the assault was preceded by a provocation: on the night of May 10 was carried out an air raid on a university town in Germany - Freiburg. Fascist propaganda attributed his aircraft in Holland and Belgium, and used as a pretext for the outbreak of hostilities. In fact, plaque was made of the 51 st Squadron "Luftwaffe", under the command of Josef Kamhubera.

On this day in 1940, British Prime Minister was Winston Churchill, succeeding Neville Chamberlain.

May 10, 1994 inauguration of the first black president of South Africa Nelson Mandela. Prior to that, the country held its first free elections.

On this day were born:

May 10, 1746 was born Gaspard Monge (1746 - 28.7.1818), the famous French mathematician, founder of descriptive geometry.

On this day in 1760 was born Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle (1760 - 27.6.1836), a French military engineer, composer of "La Marseillaise" - the revolutionary song, the current national anthem of France.

Also that day, but was born in 1788, Augustin Jean Fresnel (1788 - 14.7.1827), a French physicist, one of the founders of wave optics.

May 10, 1850, Thomas Johnstone Lipton was born (1850 - 10.2.1931), a famous British sailor, Sir, the founder of a tea company.

Also on May 10, but in 1864, was born Leon Ernest Gaumont (1864 - 09/08/1946), founder of the world's first film studio - French «Gaumont».

On this day in 1901, was born John Bernal (1901 - 15.9.1971), the celebrated British physicist and public figure.

May 10, 1909 was born on Valentine Stepanovna Grizodubova (1909 - 28.4.1993), the legendary aviatrix, first woman - the hero of the Soviet Union.

On this day in 1923, Heydar Aliyev was born (1923 - 12/12/2003), the president of Azerbaijan.

May 10, 1926 was born Vladimir Tatosov, actor Bolshoi Drama Theater. BDT.

May 10, 1938 was born Marina Vlady (Marina Polyakova-BaydarovaThe French actress, wife of Vladimir Vysotsky.

On this day in 1955, was born Alexander Abramovich Druz, a connoisseur of the club "What? Where? When? ", Master of the game.

On this day in 1956, was born Vladislav Leaf (1956 - 01/03/1995), a famous TV host, director general of ORT.

May 10, 1957 was born Vishez Sid (John Simon Ritchie) (1957 - 02/02/1979), bass guitarist of the famous English punk band The Sex Pistols.

On this day in 1960, was born on Bono (Paul Hewson), Irish rock musician, lead singer of U2.

May 10, 1963 was born Oksana Pushkina, TV presenter.

On this day in 1965, was born Linda Evangelista, Canadian top model.

On this day, have died:

May 10, 1774 died Louis XV (15.2.1710 - 1774), the French king.

On this day in 1889, died Evgrafovich Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin (27/01/1826 - 1889), the famous Russian writer.

May 10, 1960 died Yury Karlovich Olesha (03/03/1899 - 1960), the writer who invented the story about the Three fat man.

Also on May 10, but died in 2002, Yves Robert (1920 - 2002), a famous French filmmaker, who shot a spy parody dilogy of the Tall Blond.

Name days:

According to the Orthodox calendar May 10 birthday note: Ivan, Nikolay, Paul, Peter, Simon, Serge and Stepan.

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