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"Time Machine": April 4 in world history

April 4 2007
11:00

Historical events and inventions:

April 4, 1147 in the chronicles first mention the city of Moscow. On this day, Prince Yuri Dolgoruky made a great feast in honor of the Prince of Novgorod-Seversky Svyatoslav Olgovich.

On this day in 1581, Captain Francis Drake (in the past - the famous pirate) has completed its journey around the world. On board his ship the Pelican arrived Queen Elizabeth I and after the formal dinner devoted captain knighted.

It is believed that it was April 4, 1896 at the Canadian Yukon River began the gold rush. Crowds of adventurers pulled here after reporting the discovery of placer deposits of precious metal.

On this day in 1905 around the Indian city of Kangri occurred powerful (8,7 points) earthquake. Killed 19,000 people.

April 4, 1945 troops of the 2 nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts completed the liberation of Hungary from Nazi invaders. The victorious advance in this direction dates back March 16.

Also on this day in 1945, the Soviet army liberated Bratislava - the capital of modern Slovakia.

April 4, 1949 was founded NATO. 12 countries - the U.S., Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Portugal and France signed the North Atlantic Treaty in Washington. In 1952, the alliance joined by Greece and Turkey, in 1955 - Germany 1982 - Spain. In 1999, NATO members were Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic.

On this day were born:

According to some British historical chronicles, April 4, 1366 was born Henry IV (4.4 or 05/30/1366 - 03/20/1413), the legendary king of England, founder of the dynasty of Lancaster.

April 4, 1818 Born Mine (Thomas), Reed (1818 - 10/22/1883), the famous English writer. Have you read "The Headless Horseman"?

On this day in 1884, was born Isoroku Yamamoto (1884 - 18/04/1943), Japanese admiral who developed the plan a surprise attack on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor. " The warlord was killed - his plane was shot down by the same Americans.

4 April 1928 was born Elina Avraamovna Bystritskaya, a famous actress.

Also that day, but in 1932 was born Andrei Tarkovsky (1932 - 12/29/1986), the legendary filmmaker. "Andrei Rublev", "Stalker", "Solaris" - who have not watched these masterpieces?

April 4, 1938 Born Rahmielevich Ilya Reznik, a famous poet and songwriter.

Also on this day in 1967, was born Dmitry Nagiyev known showman, TV presenter and actor.

This day died:

On this day in 1617, died, John Napier (1550 - 1617), the eminent Scottish mathematician, inventor of logarithms.

April 4, 1929, died Karl Friedrich Benz (25/11/1844 - 1929), the legendary German avtoinzhener.

Also that day, but in 1931, died Andre Michelin (01/16/1853 - 1931), a French industrialist, founder of the company for the production of tires.

April 4, 1968, was killed Martin Luther King (15.1.929 - 1968), the legendary American fighter for the rights of blacks, the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. His fiery speeches have given new life to the movement for civil rights in society - began anti-racist marches, boycotts and even mass care in prison. As a result, the U.S. was created the famous' Rights Act ", approved and adopted by Congress. After one of his speeches, which was held in Memphis, King stood on the balcony of the hotel. Suddenly, shots were fired. Fighter for the rights of blacks had been wounded by a sniper and died shortly thereafter. Martin Luther King was buried in Atlanta, the Catholic Church soon recognized him as a martyr, who gave their lives for the Christian faith.

On this day in 1984, died Oleg Antonov (02/07/1906 - 1984), a famous Soviet aircraft.

April 4, 2004, died Nikita Vladimirovich Bogoslovsky (22/05/1913 - 2004), the legendary composer, songwriter, "Beloved City", "Dark Night" and dozens of other hits.

Name days:

According to the Orthodox calendar, March 4 birthday note: Basil, Vasilisa, Dana, Isaac and Taisa.

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