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In China, held a landmark congress of the party

October 15 2007

On Monday in Beijing, opened the 17 th Congress of the Communist Party of China - the event is called the local media and officials "landmark" and "historical importance", RIA Novosti

The agenda of the Congress as a whole is traditional for such events. First, with the reporting speaker General Secretary Hu Jintao, and then behind closed doors for the press to start a discussion. Scheduled to report to the Commission of the Central Committee of Party discipline and its discussion.

Delegates, as well as on several previous party congress, to discuss and approve amendments to the Constitution of the Party.

"Inclusion in the Charter of the new party of advances in theoretical innovation will help party members to achieve better results ... in the implementation of policies and principles (party work)," - said yesterday at a press conference, spokesman for the congress Li Dunshen.

"The new version of the Charter of the Party will fully reflect the latest achievements in adapting Marxism to Chinese conditions, the requirements arising from the new situation (in the country and the world) aims to improve the Party work and Party building," - said Lee Dunshen.

Amendments to the Constitution of the Party will comply with the principles of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, he added.

On the substance of the amendments officials have not yet spoken, but, according to experts, the Charter will include a theoretical concept developed by the present leadership headed by Hu Jintao, about the need to build a "harmonious socialist society."

If this happens, the basic document of the party life will be presented views of all generations of Chinese leaders - Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping (second generation, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics), Jiang Zemin (third generation, the theory of "three representations" ) and Hu (fourth).

Delegates will also elect a new party leadership, the Central Committee. Fundamental changes are not expected and most likely, the backbone of China's top leadership headed by Hu Jintao, will remain the same.

However, the question of membership in the Politburo and the more so in the Politburo Standing Committee (bringing together the most important leaders of the party and the country) will be determined after the completion of the Congress, at the first plenum of the new convocation.

Nevertheless, the new Central Committee is expected by local analysts, most likely, there will be new faces - those whom the current chief executives of China's being groomed to succeed him, in the fifth generation of leaders. " The decision to move them to the top of the power would be taken much later, the 18-party congress in five years.

Do not expect any decisions that could mean drastic changes in political and economic policies of the authorities in Beijing. Official media said that the congress will determine the strategic directions for the further promotion of China's path of reform and openness.

Political liberalization, China appears to be in the coming years will not wait.

Lee Dunshen, speaking on the eve of the journalists, confirmed that the issue of political reform, "we adhere to and proceed from the characteristics of our country ... at the same time having to use (for China) the value of the principles of the political culture of mankind, but we in no event shall not copy the model of western political system. "

ekin said that the model of "socialism with Chinese characteristics," when the country has a formal multi-party system under which all other "democratic" parties recognize the leadership and guiding role of the Communist Party, which adequately meets the characteristics of the country at the present stage. Nevertheless, the country's leadership, according to informal conversations with experts, there is a serious analytical work on issues of political reform and democratization, and their methods.

Chinese scientists, de jure not affiliated with the state or party institutions, has been actively studying the experience of neighboring countries to build democracy, trying to find a path that would not fatal to the current regime.

In this context, has been studied extensively and experience of the former USSR and modern Russia. Regularly, including in the open regime, published monographs and research on the causes collapse of the Communist Party and the Communist system in Europe, examines the similarity or difference between the approaches of the Communist Parties in governing the country. Always stressed that the Communist Party of China must not repeat the mistakes of the Communist Party.

Does not stand aside and experience of modern Russia. In Beijing in September at the initiative of the Chinese party was organized a forum entitled "China and Russia: building democracy in an international context." As RIA Novosti was told by sources close to the organizers of this forum, Chinese participants were very interested in hearing assessment of their Russian colleagues to build and develop the political system in Russia in recent years.

Of course, at this stage, the decision of political liberalization is not accepted. It is certainly not to be taken at the Party Congress opens, which will be called upon to demonstrate the unity of Communists in the "national revival".

During this week (Congress last seven days) the whole of China will only talk about one thing - the historic significance of the party forum, the media will broadcast interviews with delegates, but delegates themselves - to discuss issues of party building and national development.

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