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Curious first spacewalk

March 18 2005
09:38

Exactly 40 years ago, March 18, 1965, was launched from Baikonur launch vehicle Soyuz spacecraft "Voskhod-2" on board. His crew was two people - the captain Pavel Belyaev and co-pilot Alexei Leonov .

During the flight, which lasted slightly more than a day, Alexei Leonov made an unprecedented act - the first came out in open space and stayed there for 20 minutes already! For this feat, a special transition gateway, codenamed "Volga". It consisted of a cylinder, and consisted of 36 inflatable sections, divided into 3 isolated group. Gateway retain its shape even in the event of failure of two of them. Astronaut that goes into space, connected to the vehicle tether. Through him, fed and oxygen, but the astronaut's space suit "to any fireman" was mounted another, the emergency oxygen cylinder.

During this important event is not without its oddities. 10 minutes after the spacewalk Alexei Leonov said that the suit in conditions of space vacuum behaves quite differently, both during ground training. It swelled and began to restrict the movement of the astronaut. It became impossible to do anything hands, as inflated glove finger movements would not obey. Problems arose with the return of the ship - Leonov barely managed to squeeze through the hatch.

However, the adventures were not over. Before returning to Earth showed that out of order automatic orientation of the spacecraft to the Sun. The astronauts had to make two more turns, hand-orient the ship and turn the engine brake. Therefore, the landing took place far from a given area - in a snowy forest. The first help came only a day later - on the local lumbermen ... A helicopter flew over the astronauts until the third day.

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