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Today will be awarded Nobel Prizes

December 10 2006

Today in Stockholm and Oslo will be the solemn ceremony of the 2006 Nobel Prize. Prize for physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and economics will hand in the Swedish capital, and the prize of the world - in Norway.

Nobel laureates of this year in the field of physics were Americans John Mather and George Smoot. The award went to scientists for research into forms of "black body" and the anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.

Prize in Physiology or Medicine has also been given to Americans - Andrew Fire, and Craig Mello. They explored ways of transmission of genetic information, in particular, the mechanism of the so-called RNA interference. This opens up exciting possibilities for use in genetic engineering and "neutralization" of genes.

Nobel Prize in Literature in 2006 became a Turkish writer Orhan Pamuk. He writes frequently on serious political topics, for example, ventured to draw global attention to the problem of the extermination of Armenians and Kurds in Turkey.

Winner Prize in economics has become an American - Edmund Phelps - for the analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs politics of macroeconomics.

Peace Prize this year will receive the Bangladeshi founder of Grameen Bank "Muhammad Yunus. In the message the Nobel Committee said that the award is given Yunus "for his contribution to the fight against poverty and economic and social development. Feature-based bank it is a system of microcredit to poor people. In addition, according to Yunus, poverty reduction is one way of combating terrorism, reports NTV.

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