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Scientists in the way of a quantum computer

July 27 2007
16:48

Scientists have developed a system in which thousands of pairs of atoms in an optical lattice sites, while exchanging spins. This may be an important step towards creating a quantum computer, according to a press release from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), USA.

Due to the peculiarities of the laws of quantum mechanics, quantum computers could solve one problem, too trudnovychislimye for conventional, "classical" computers. One of about a dozen classes of systems considered as a possible basis of qubits (quantum bits) are neutral atoms, the weak interaction with the environment should reduce the likelihood of errors.

Computer-based qubits, open to mankind unprecedented prospects. For example, a quantum internet - when quantum computers will be combined quantum communication. Theoretically, we can assume that teleportation will connect every computer with an arbitrary number of other computers and to conduct joint computation. Reports Trud.

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