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The Russians will see a new film about the war

May 6 2008
04:09

On the eve of Victory Day on Russian television screens comes the documentary "The front of the front line" of the creation of the Soviet partisan movement during World War II, the head of the press bureau Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR), Sergei Ivanov. "Documentary film" The front of the front line ", which was established with the assistance of the RAF in Russia, talks about the unique events to create a guerrilla movement and the exploits of the partisans in the fight against invaders and occupiers henchmen in the USSR" - "Ivanov said.

The film "The Front for the front line" will be shown May 8 at 22.10 GMT on national channels, "St. Petersburg - Channel Five." According to Ivanov, the authors and characters of the film refutes the prevailing view that the guerrilla movement was spontaneous. Creating a guerrilla since the early days of the war was the result of elaborate systems to counter enemy "behind him."

The film uses newsreel footage of the unique personal archives of soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht, said Ivanov. The idea of guerrilla warfare was born in Russia in 1812 after invading French army led by Napoleon. Then in our country for the first time used the method of warfare behind enemy lines. Organized guerrilla standing army with professional soldiers who were thrown into the enemy rear to coordinate action.

The most famous guerrilla army was hussar Denis Davydov. It became the first developer and tester of guerrilla method of warfare. Interestingly, the book Davydov "Guerrilla Warfare", published in 1924 so far is the mandatory training tool for training special operations forces of most armies in the world. In the early 60-ies, the book translated and published in the U.S. for the units of green berets, and in the 80's this book in Farsi and Pashto Soviet commandos found in the smashed dushmanov bases in Afghanistan.

As Ivanov said, the job of preparing the guerrilla underground in the western regions of the USSR began under the leadership of the NKVD and Red Army Intelligence Agency in the 30's. Were created weapons caches, the commanders of the number of trained officers, counterintelligence and border troops. But on the eve of the war as a result of repression, many future leaders of the guerrilla movement were killed or sent to labor camps. "Thus, the resistance behind the German lines had actually re-organize. And a major role in this incredibly difficult process played surviving in the years of repression by experts" - said a spokesman for the SVR. Specialists insurgency operations have opened regularity - 100% of the population, which fell under the occupation, 10% collaborate with the enemy, a third of them are active, according to the filmmakers, referring to veterans of the guerrilla movement. According to them, 70% of the population exists under the new conditions, while 20% are actively fighting the invaders.

"From them and began to appear the first shoots of resistance to the Nazis in the field. That was scattered and broken, was to gather in groups and have begun the formation of the Underground" - says the veteran guerrilla Anatoly Strashinsky. The film is told in detail about "failures" in the early days of the war. In particular, that the Soviet leadership has entrusted the organization of the guerrilla movement in the party organs, professionally unsuitable for this mission. As a result of this error, after two or three days after the arrival of the Germans in virtually all major cities, provincial and even regional centers, including the capital of the Union Republics Kiev and Minsk, the party underground, abandoned on the eve of the occupation, was destroyed. In many cases, the lists of party activists in the German authorities brought people who were offended by the Soviet regime.Under these conditions only player with experience of sabotage and guerrilla warfare, were state security organs of the USSR, in particular, a special group of NKVD Pavel Sudoplatov - "Master" special operations.

"The first day of the war before us has been tasked to urgently start work behind enemy lines. In Kiev, Minsk, Odessa, Kherson area, as well as on the border with Romania to work illegally were sent senior officials to begin with intelligence and sabotage activities," - says Sudoplatov. Despite all the difficulties, the effectiveness of most guerrilla compounds proved to be very high.

Already in 1942, the guerrilla movement was a well-established formidable force, consisting of "regular" and special guerrillas from the staff of the NKVD and military intelligence. Heroes and participating films focus on combat activities of guerrilla groups - from Nazi sabotage of communications and deep exploration to the frustration of the export of labor in Germany. They share memories of the guerrilla way of life, life in the forest and, of course, about the enemy, with whom they happened to encounter in combat.

According to the recollections of participants of the partisan movement, the most cruel and treacherous enemy guerrillas and civilians in the occupied territories were policemen nationalist battalions of the SS from among the natives of the Baltic states, which were particularly brutal, RIA News .

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