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Amazing Facts - August 29

August 29 2008
11:00

August 29, 1758 in New Jersey, USA, established the first Indian reservation. While America is itself a colony.

29 August 1885 the famous German engineer Gottlieb Daimler was granted a patent for a motorcycle - a cart for riding with kerosene engine ". Self-invention was first demonstrated in November of that year.

August 29, 1949 in the Soviet Union nuclear test site near Semipalatinsk test took place the first atomic bomb. The power bomb was 22 kilotons. In August 1945, immediately after the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, GKO decree number 9887 was a special committee for ICT for ' management of all work on the use of atomic energy of uranium, including the production of atomic bombs. Chairman of the committee was appointed Laurentius Beria. By the same Order was formed Technical Committee, chaired by Vannikova, which consisted of prominent scientists AI Voznesensky, A. Ioffe, P. Kapitsa, IV Kurchatov, J. Hariton.

Beria was instructed "to take measures to organize zakordonnoy intelligence work to obtain a more complete technical and economic information about uranium industry and nuclear bombs." Agents of the Soviet Union extracted 286 secret scientific documents and publications closed. The Soviet leadership sought at any cost to expedite testing of the first atomic bomb, scientists have chosen to copy the American nuclear device.

In 1946, Hariton was prepared by the tactical-technical requirements for the first Soviet atomic bomb. Government's decision was founded a research center to develop and create an atomic weapon. Summer of 1948 near Chelyabinsk completed construction of the first commercial nuclear reactor, and several months later was put into operation and a radiochemical plant for plutonium separation from uranium. Start these companies allowed to proceed to the manufacturing and testing a nuclear bomb.

Total from 1949 to 1989 at the Semipalatinsk test site was carried out at least 456 trials that were blown up at least 616 nuclear and thermonuclear devices, including at least 30 land and at least 86 aircraft. Were also conducted dozens of hydronuclear and hydrodynamic testing. The total capacity of nuclear weapons tested in the years 1949-63 to 2500 times higher than the power of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

Now in the "nuclear club" of the U.S., Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan and North Korea. Israel has not commented about the presence of his nuclear weapons, but according to some experts, has an arsenal of 200 warheads. Closely approached the creation of a nuclear bomb is of Iran. In the presence of military nuclear program suspected of Brazil, Libya, Iraq and South Korea.

August 29, 1995 was made a unique record of aircraft modeling. Airplane Model, created by the Americans Maynard Hill and Robert Rosenthal, flew in a straight line and successfully sat at a distance of 737.9 km. The flight of the aircraft from Biletona, ea. Virginia, in Ridgeland, ea. South Carolina, lasted 8 hours and 43 minutes - all this time it on the ground in a car accompanied by the creators - with remote control.

Release prepared by Max K * - based on encyclopedias and other public sources.

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