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Amazing Facts - April 22

April 22 2008

April 22, 1370 began construction of the famous fortress of the Bastille. The original meaning of the word "Bastille" is the same as the "Bastide" - "Tower". In the first half of the XIV century, the Bastille was the only one of many towers that surrounded Paris. Soon the castle was used as the place where the state criminals.

At the beginning of the French Revolution of July 14, 1789 the fortress was taken by the revolutionary mood of the population and a year later destroyed and set on a vacant lot a sign saying "From now on there dancing." Currently, the site was demolished castle is Place de la Bastille - a place of intersection of a dozen streets and boulevards of Paris Metro underground junction of three lines and a new Paris opera. Beginning in 1880, Bastille Day is celebrated as a French national holiday.

One of the most famous prisoners of the Bastille is the mysterious "Man in the Iron Mask", the origin of which still remains unsolved. One of the most likely assumptions were made by Voltaire who found in him an illegitimate son of Anne of Austria, whose claim to the throne of Louis XIV might rightly fear. Until his death, a mysterious prisoner in 1703, none of the others did not see his face or heard his voice.

April 22, 1864 The U.S. Congress passed a law under which all U.S. banknotes appears «In God We Trust» («I believe in God"). This was done at the initiative of ordinary citizens who felt that the money is successfully powers can not do without reference to God. It should be noted that a special surge of religiosity among Americans emerged during the Civil War (1861-1865 years).

Almost a century later, in 1956 the phrase «In God We Trust» became the official motto of the country, replacing the Latin phrase «E Pluribus Unum» («Of the many unique"). It was in 1957, posting the national motto on the banknotes and coins became compulsory by law throughout the United States.

This inscription - «In God We Trust» - long-zealots annoying full freedom of conscience. Claims with different formulations and justifications served for several decades. It is noteworthy that against the placement of the inscription «In God We Trust» on the national currency has performed and Theodore Roosevelt. He did this not because I do not believe in God, but because they believed that the use of the name of God on money sacrilegiously. However, such an argument in modern fighters with a "divine currency" is usually not heard.

April 22, 1972 arriving in Australia by the first people crossed on rowing the Pacific Ocean. Brave rowers were Sylvia Cook and John Fayerfaks. They had been at sea for 362 days and it went into the Guinness Book of Records.

Release prepared by Max K * - based on encyclopedias and other public sources.

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