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Amazing Facts - November 19

November 19 2008

November 19, 1316 died the youngest king in the world. John was first proclaimed King of France at birth, 14 November 1316, but died in infancy - in five days.

November 19, 1703 in the infamous French prison, the Bastille prisoner died, went down in history as the Man in the Iron Mask. "This mysterious prisoner of the reign of King Louis XIV wore, however, the velvet mask, and only later turned this legend into a horrible mask of iron. The first information about it appeared in Amsterdam in 1745. Then it was thought that "Iron Mask" - is the Duke of Vermandois, an illegitimate son of Louis XIV and Madame La Valliere, who gave a slap to his half-brother, the Grand Dauphin, and atoned for this fault perpetual imprisonment. According to the official version, Vermandois died in his youth in 1683.

Later, the version that the Man in the Iron Mask "- it's illegitimate brother of Louis XIV, the twin brother of Louis XIV, a kind of adventurer Mattioli, or the head of the conspirators - Lorraine nobleman Armuaz. The truth is unknown until now.

November 19, 1824 occurred one of the most catastrophic floods in the history of St. Petersburg. The water level in the Neva River rose to 4.14 meters above flood level. Were destroyed 462 homes, damaged 3,681, 3,600 head of cattle were killed, 208 people drowned.

Was flooded the entire city, except for Foundry, Christmas and carriage parts. Neva swelled and roared, a kettle bubbling and clubs, and suddenly, like a beast ostervenyas, in town rushed to ... "- described the verses of A. Pushkin's poem" The Bronze Horseman. "

November 19, 1891 in Germany was sold to the first model railway. Now, the old toy German railways are very highly prized by collectors, and the production of their current options supplied to the stream and for export.

November 19, 1978 in Guyana, had committed suicide, more than 900 followers of the cult of the People's Temple ", led by American Jim Jones. It was the mass suicide of religious modernity.

Release prepared by Max K * - based on encyclopedias and other public sources.

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