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Amazing Facts - September 18

September 18 2008
11:00

September 18, 1947 was created by U.S. Central Intelligence Agency - the famous CIA. Ineffable defeat U.S. intelligence has been a sudden the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941.

After the U.S. entry into war intelligence and counterintelligence units of the army and navy were expanded. President Roosevelt created the Coordinating Bureau of Information (RECs), the coordinator was appointed Colonel William Donovan. Soon the RECs were converted to the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), to collect and analyze strategic information, as well as conduct special operations. In addition to the operational units (departments of secret intelligence, special psychological operations), the CID had a research department.

In November 1944, Donovan invited Roosevelt to create a central intelligence agency, reporting directly to the president. Others intelligence organizations were strongly opposed, and Roosevelt never made a final decision. This was done by his successor, Harry Truman, the OSS was disbanded and handed him the analytical department State Department.

Feeling the need to coordinate a large number of intelligence reports, President Truman established in January 1946 Central Intelligence Group. TSRG acquired the function of collecting classified information and counterintelligence activities abroad, as well as the function of analytical service. Adopted in 1947 National Security Act provided for the creation on its basis the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

Today, the CIA has played a leading role in the U.S. intelligence community. CIA Director - Chief Adviser to the President and the National Security Council on intelligence, and for the government - a senior official of the intelligence services. As such, it establishes general requirements for the intelligence services, and defines how the solution of their tasks, develops and justifies a national program of foreign intelligence, and is also responsible for protecting the confidentiality of information sources and methods of intelligence activities. The agency carries out the most specific tasks - recruitment agents, covert operations, etc. Several years ago, the number of CIA employees exceeded 20 thousand people.

September 18, 1965 was caught a bird with the largest wingspan - the wandering albatross. Birds of this species (Diomedea exulas) always impressed the imagination of sailors, but then caught the old male's wingspan was 3.63 meters. Feathered giant was caught by a team of Antarctic research vessel Eltanin ", belonging to the Naval Fleet in the Tasman Sea.

September 18, 1983 ended with the legendary walking tour of George flash. This man of Reynhema, Kent, United Kingdom, walked from Ushuaia, the southern tip of South America to Prudhoe Bay in northern Alaska as much as 30 thousand 431 km. Launched a couple January 26, 1977 and finished September 18, 1983 - after 2426 days. Megan became the first man past all the Western Hemisphere and the Americas.

Release prepared by Max K * - based on encyclopedias and other public sources.

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