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Who and what kind of music "books" on the Kremlin Chimes

December 31 2005
12:00

Chimes - a watch that heralds the inhabitants of our country about the coming New Year, celebrate their birthday. The other day it was filled with 601 a year.

The first clock mechanism in the Moscow Kremlin to build and install monk from Mount Athos Lazar Serbin. This happened in December 1404. Present the same clock is the time of Peter. It was under Peter I earned it, "according to German custom," ie, the dial was divided into 12 hours (previously it was divided into 24 hours). But the primordial form the main clock of the country since then has not survived, several times altered.

Under Nicholas I the chimes began to play a tune "Glorious" and "Transfiguration of the march." From ordinary tower clock chimes different musical battle. Previously, there was more than 30 working bells, now only 14. Bell-ringers, choir establish better the Moscow Patriarchate. Sound is produced under a tent - and short calls (to achieve this effect, instead of languages used hammers). Throughout the modern history of the country's chimes were silent only once: in 1974, during a comprehensive restoration - 100 days, 2 hours and 58 minutes.

In 1917, the Bolsheviks were "ordered" another kind of music - the clock on the Spassky Tower began to perform "You fell a victim" and "International". And in 1938 they did "shut up", noting his only chime every hour. There were also incidents: in 1860, visiting from Germany for service hours jovial mechanic Hans FAZ set tune 'Oh, my darling Augustine, and for some time, this music sounded giddy over Moscow. It was the only foreign intervention in the repertoire of chimes.

In 1995 he was tasked to revive the melodic sound of the main clock of the country and to achieve, as in former times, the execution of two melodies. For this purpose, experts of the Research Institute for the watch industry (NIIChasprom) conducted a unique job. First, they recorded the chimes of the Spassky Tower surviving bells and the result revealed the musical tone of each of them. Then he was made a spectral analysis sound of bells. In 1996, the musical chiming clock was restored. Now over Red Square heard two melodies - "Glory" and the Russian national anthem to the music of Alexandrov.

Incidentally, during the recent restoration of the chimes on the dial and the arrow struck a special protective substance that helps to resist the city soot and gases - the newspaper Trud.

See also:

New Year's table at the last moment: the original recipe

People and Fire Games in the year of the dog

Predictions of the great Nostradamus. What will happen with Russia in 2006

Read all the materials heading "Be aware"

Maria Pavlikova

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