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Ruins of an ancient culture make out from space

February 17 2006
05:03

The rich culture of the Mayan remains largely unexplored, and it attracts more attention from researchers trying to unravel its mysteries and riddles. And the search for the "Lost World" today conducted from space with the most advanced technologies.

Mayan existed in Central America until the XVII century AD, and the population in remote areas of the Yucatan Peninsula, in particular, the Mexican state of Chiapas, Guatemala and Belize are derived directly from the Mayans.

The cradle of civilization are considered major cities on the Yucatan Peninsula in Central America. By the eighth century, the Mayan population was about 15 million inhabitants. However, even in later centuries there was a fairly rapid destruction of the areas which originally flourished a civilization.

The ancient culture began to diminish in 8-9 century AD Among the main reasons some scholars call the war, the deterioration of living conditions, while others - a prolonged drought. One way or another, but due to some natural causes, one of the oldest civilizations that gave birth to a myriad of mysteries, went into decline.

Individual cities of Yucatan - Chichen Itza, Coba and Etsna, however, continued to exist for quite some time. Presumably, the Chichén Itzá was abandoned only in the XIII century.

Contribute to the destruction of an ancient civilization , as we know, did the Spanish conquerors who came to this land in the XVII century. The last kingdom of the Maya (by the time civilization is a disparate group and individual unions) - Itza fell in 1697.

Spanish-American colonies at the time were cut off from the rest of the world, and the ruins of ancient cities remained unexplored.

Interest in the remains of civilization has grown considerably in the XIX century after the expedition undertaken by the renowned American writer, a lover of adventure and John Lloyd, Stephen and the British architect Frederick Ketervudom. In 1839 they went to look for "lost world" . On their return to a fascinating description of the seen and the overwhelming impression of both the researchers played an important role in the revival of attention to the Mayan civilization.

Study of its heritage by scientists around the world. Moreover, the search for the remains of this ancient culture is already under way from space using the so-called technology "remote sensing". This was reported by the representatives of the U.S. space agency NASA and the scientists of the University of New Hampshire.

Most of the remains, whose average age is about 1,000 years, they say, is concentrated in remote tropical forests of Central America. This is a major problem because access to the cultural center is extremely difficult.

It was therefore decided to conduct a study using space and aerial photography that has already yielded results.

The fact that the building housing the Mayan people used the limestone and mortar, and scientists to identify areas remained the largest concentration of the substance. This was made possible with the technology of the remote sensing data and images obtained from space .

These are small details that are visible from space, but that can not be seen, while in the woods, or treated with low-flying aircraft were a kind of map leading to the cities of the Maya "- said one of the researchers involved in the study of civilization.

In 2004, the researchers, who relied on the received images, could thus detect a few settlements. And that, according to them, just the beginning.

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