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Lost American hydrogen bomb found ... Spanish fishermen

January 17 2010
00:05

January 17, 1960 began the famous 49-day maritime history of the Soviet troops Ziganshina, Kryuchkovskogo, Poplavskiy and Fedotova, which the storm swept into the open ocean on the unmanaged barge - without water and food. Eroica Quartet saved United States Coast Guard. Now, about the incident says the film "49 days".

January 17, 1966 American strategic bomber B-52 lost off the coast of Spain's four hydrogen bombs. The aircraft participated in the round the clock air patrols, made a refueling stop in the sky. Aircraft KC-135 tanker had met his client over the Mediterranean off the coast of Spain.

Refueling started at about 10 am, on the village of Palomares. Planes flying at an altitude of 9,300 meters with a speed of 600 km / h, combined hose length of 50 meters. Suddenly flared up and exploded one of the 8 engine bomber. With the burning of the wing fire spread to aerial refueling. The patrol crew had to perform emergency discharge of ammunition, after which, as pilots aviatankera, jumped with parachutes.

After a second B-52 exploded completely. After a grand fireworks display on the ground grew purple-black fungus. Debris scattered on the area of 39 sq. km and waning within 5 hours. Fortunately, the Iberian Palomares has saved from the tongues of fire, but the disaster cost the lives of seven pilots.

Soon, the U.S. State Department acknowledged that killed the bomber was equipped with nuclear weapons. Authorities did not specify the parameters of a confused arsenal, and only after details were made public. Collapsed B-52 carrying four hydrogen bombs with a TNT equivalent of 25 megatons, ie each of them was a 1250 times more powerful than Hiroshima. Such a bomb exploded on the ground, would destroy all life in the area of 30 km.

After a day, three bombs found for lost on the coast, initiating charge of two of them worked on hitting the ground. Fortunately, the opposite amounts of TNT exploded asynchronous, and instead of compression of the detonation of radioactive mass scattered around her. The search for the fourth unfolded on the territory of 70 square meters. km. One and a half months of hard work out of the water were removed tons of debris, but the bomb was not among them.

Thanks to the fishermen who witnessed the tragedy of March 15, found the crash site the ill-fated cargo. Bomb found at a depth of 777 m over a steep bottom cleft. Price superhuman effort, after a few slips and breaks ropes, April 7, a bomb was raised. She was lying on the bottom of 79 days 22 hours 23 minutes. After another 1 hour 29 minutes to defuse the specialists. It was the most expensive rescue operation at sea in the twentieth century - the cost of it was $ 84 million dollars.

January 17, 1985 began the longest journey on a motorcycle. Argentinean Emilio Scotto of Buenos Aires in the total traveled more than 735,000 km and visited 214 countries. Man returned home, only 2 April 1995, having been in transit for over 10 years.


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