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Scientists decided to establish the phenomenon of life on Earth

August 16 2005
10:50

Scientific minds of Harvard intending to run a fairly ambitious project, which will bring together experts from various fields of science, including astronomy and biology. The aim of the project - to explore the phenomenon of life on Earth. Researchers hope that recent scientific discoveries, including such as finding water on Mars, will help them learn more about the origin of life.

"I hope that we can reduce all explanation to the simple logical chain of events that have occurred without divine intervention" - says David Liu, Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University .

However, the project starts with the recognition that some of the secrets of life defies explanation. That is, scientists do not rule out divine intervention. "We start with the mutual recognition of the extreme complexity of life" - he added.

The origin of life on Earth - a problem that is at the junction of various sciences. She is involved in hundreds of experimenters and theorists from various fields of science throughout the world. Today, there are at least four major scientific hypotheses, each in its own way explains exactly how life could have arisen on Earth.

In general, without refutations found the following. The Earth was formed according to different estimates of 6 to 4.5 billion years ago. Approximately 4-4,5 billion years ago, she was subjected to intense bombardment rather large celestial bodies - asteroids. At this time, according to scientists, went on the formation of planets in the solar system from the primary gas and dust cloud that surrounded the newly born sun.

However, intensive bombing now and then caused the young Earth horrific disasters, and this hindered the emergence of life. The first living organisms appeared on Earth about 3.8 billion years ago. It was a time when the celestial bombardment subsided considerably. But the young Sun at the time radiate very little energy. Therefore, in this period, the emergence of life on Earth is unlikely because it requires enough heat. Thus, scientists are faced with many contradictions that can only be explained by complex scientific solution of the problem.

In recent years, a rapprochement with the scientists went to the Vatican. He began to recognize the evolution that does not disprove the divine origin of life. However, many in the church share the "fear" that the theory of evolution is incompatible with the belief that the world was created according to the "divine plan" and this leads to complicated relations between the Church and science.

Director of the Vatican Observatory, the priest George Coyne recently in the press, said that science is absolutely neutral with respect to philosophical and theological conclusions that can be made from its discoveries, but this does not prevent the faithful to use scientific facts in order to better understand God.

Vatican astronomer also recalled that, speaking in 1996 before the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, Pope John Paul II declared that the theory of evolution and Catholic faith are compatible. The same conclusion in 2004 had to create a pontiff of the International Theological Commission. 72-year-old George Coyle heads the Vatican Observatory since 1978. Jesuit priest living six months in Castel Gandolfo, where the observatory, and the second half - in Arizona, where he teaches astronomy at a local university and is engaged in scientific research.

img hspace = "10" src = "/ img/4022.jpeg" align = "right" border = "1" /> Maybe it is people with dual perception of the world and could become a bridge between religion and science in the understanding of the most intriguing of the history of the land question of the genesis.

Meanwhile, Harvard plans to allocate the project of one million dollars a year. "Origins of Life and beginning of the universe in its early stages" - the researchers reported edition Boston Sunday Globe.

Harvard University is not leading in the research themes of life, but the vast resources of the University may well change this statement. "It's nice to see what Harvard to investigate the issue, which will be immortalized in the memory", - said Steven Benner, a scientist, a chemist at the University of Florida, one of the most famous scientists in the world involved in the study of life.

See also: Scientists close to unraveling the language of the ancient Inca pile .

Ryazan Stonehenge. Ancient Observatory: clones or twins .

Yoki.ru reveal the secret of Baikal: the details of the expedition .

Константин Дятлов

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