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Scientists close to unraveling the language of the ancient Inca pile

August 15 2005
01:00

U.S. researchers believe they came close to unraveling a stack language that was used by the ancient Incas.

Inca civilization originated in the Andes Mountains in modern nations of Chile and Colombia in 1200 AD. Their empire reached its height at the time of the last emperor Atahualpa, strangled by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Written Inca conquerors have not seen, so long considered their civilization as unique, having no written language.

However, in 1923, historian L. Leland Locke proved that the writing of the Incas still was, and very peculiar. Another Spanish conquistadors 500 years ago drew attention to the strange rope with knots. But they thought it was just a decoration. Locke thought otherwise and said that "the rope" had not only a decorative sense, but also represents a Shirograms or cryptography. But scientists have not managed to decipher any of the 600 available to him "the ropes with knots.

Kip is derived from the language of the Incas, Quechua. Decorative Products pile consists of a main cord, which attached several pendant strings. Each of the filaments in certain locations contain nodules.

Just recently Gary Urton and Carrie J. Brezine of Harvard University conducted a computer analysis of 21 text pile, found during archaeological excavations on the coast of Peru and came to the conclusion that these texts are excerpts from the books.

"The examination results showed that these texts show the way by which collects information" - the researchers said.

Nodules have a pile of information at three levels have been attributed to its importance. The information collected in the bottom row of pile is transferred to another in the top row.

According to the authors, this is a kind of upper-class instructions are written for the performance of lower rank.

Urton believes that pile - it semibitny code, ie system, under which, linking each th string in a certain way and observing the combination of the seven sites, get some signs. On such a principle based code ASCII, which allows you to type characters on the keyboard. ASCII - this eight-bit code: combining 0 and 1, it allows you to get 256 characters (2 to the eighth power). Semibitnaya system enabled to receive only 128 possible combinations (2 in the seventh degree). However, Gary Urton believes that the code of the Incas more perfect, because nodules can have 24 different colors, resulting in a 1,536 different pieces of information (2 in the sixth degree is multiplied by 24). While the Sumerian cuneiform, consisted of 1000-1500 marks, and characters of Egyptians and the Maya had no more than 700-800 units.

Urton believes that there are over 700 types of pile, 2 / 3 of which are associated with numbers.
Other types of pile may contain answers to the mysteries of the history of the Incas.

Scientists believe that to achieve the goal it needed a bit: "We first found a series of pile at the site of archaeological excavations, which are well preserved and accurately dated, and a number of documents written in the same period." Urton hopes that these documents, drawn up in Spanish, he will transfer at least one pile. A further nodules on the ropes unleash themselves.

Maria Pavlikova

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