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Archaeologists have come close to unlocking the whereabouts of the relics of the Apostle Matthew

August 11 2005
19:14

Kyrgyz archeologists have made a sensational discovery on the north coast mountain lake Issyk-Kul. Scientists have found a medieval Christian monastery. It is associated with the name of the Evangelist Matthew.

The monastery, according to the head of the expedition of Academician Vladimir Flat was built approximately in the XIV century. It is hidden inside a mountain on the peninsula. Get to it is possible to narrow lazu, which gradually transforms into a wide corridor height of about two meters. From it in different directions deviate small monastic cells. According to scientists, the monastery consists of three levels, but lower levels of the backfilled earth. According to this principle Christian monasteries were built in medieval times the territory of Armenia.

Kyrgyz archeologists and historians believe that the current finding fully confirms the information, the so-called "Catalan map," and do not lose hope to find time here and the relics of St.. St. Matthew.

Catalan world map was drawn up in the years 1375-1377 Abraham and Yehudi Kreskesami. In the middle of the XIX century, being in Venice, it was able to explore the famous Russian scientist Semenov-Tian-Shansky. He became interested in building a picture of a cross, which was located on the north shore of Lake Issyk-Kul. Nearby was the inscription: "A place called Issyk-Kul. At this point, the monastery of Armenian brethren, which, they say, remains the body of St. Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist. " On the map building with a cross was put together by a straight line to Jerusalem. Later, Semenov-Tian-Shansky went to explore the lake and its surroundings. However, no monastery was not in sight. Locals told us that when something is really on the spot of the Issyk-Kul was a monastery and the village around it. However, at one point, God was angry with people for an unjust way of life and didst send them water.

"We have long known about the so-called" Catalan map "drawn up by traveling along the Silk Road by Venetian merchants in the Middle Ages. It was a picture of a monastery," the brothers of Armenians on the shores of Lake Issyk-Kul. The map also indicated that it was near this convent the walls of buried relics of St.. St. Matthew ", - said the head of intelligence of the current expedition, Alexander Kamyshev.

In fact, it might of Matthew and tried to find scientists. The search for the relic shrine lasted for either one year and can become the basis for the film version of a regular series about the adventures of Indiana Jones. It only remained to receive professional filmmakers. And he appeared. From the U.S. in search of the remains of Matthew in 2002, came Sergey Melnikov (Sergey Melnikoff), producer of the American TV company «IPV News USA». He along with scientists, and Metropolitan Kyrgyz Bishkek and Central Asia, Vladimir "figured out" the approximate location of the relics. Enlisting the support of President Askar Akayev, the former at that time President of Kyrgyzstan, Melnikov went on a quest.

C purely American flair, he quickly caught, where you can get money for the project and went to the Metropolitan. Participation in a project he estimated at half a million dollars. The Church of such money is not found, then the researcher has lowered the bar to 200,000, but these funds are also not received. Nevertheless, studies have yet begun. Moreover, the Melnikov held in Kyrgyzstan, two full-fledged archaeological season, and attracted professionals and the proper techniques for searches. Upon completion of works by American researcher said that the expedition failed to find a silver shrine at the bottom of Lake Issyk-Kul.But whether it has relevance to St. Matthew did not say. As well as not to show it to the world. Moreover, according to him, he's not going to open and place of discovery. Melnikov was ready to "sell" information. And for even greater personal satisfaction producer wrote a screenplay about Matthew and sent him to the famous American film director Steven Spielberg for review.

Meanwhile, Metropolitan Vladimir wrote his book "Land of the descendants of the patriarch Turk. Spiritual Heritage of Kyrgyzstan and Christian aspects of this heritage. " It is this version hit the relics of St. Matthew in the Issyk-Kul land. "... in the Kyrgyz land has found posthumous repose imperishable body of the Apostle Matthew the Evangelist. As you know, a martyr's death for Christ he took in Syria, where, apparently, even during the 2.3-century fleeing Roman persecution of Christians precious relics of the apostle were transferred to the province, famous for its wide tolerance. This shrine was kept in the monastery, located on the shores of Lake Issyk-Kul, and the whole Christian world to know about her whereabouts. " Issyk-Kul cancer brought the alleged Armenian monks, who came to Kyrgyzstan from Ararat . It was they who founded the monastery, who was executed in the spirit of the Armenian churches.

However, the truth about the death of Matthew and mestoobretenii his relics are still ongoing disputes. Among the candidates - two Italian cities, two cities in Germany. Also referred to as Iraq.

Apostle Matthew, whose name means "Gift of God", as is known, was one of 12 followers of Christ. Other evangelists call him Levi or Levi Alpheus, that is the son of Alpheus. It is known that some Jews were the two names. Matthew was a tax collector (publican) at the customs in the town of Capernaum, which is located on the shores of the Sea of Galilee. Rather, he was in the service not of the Romans, and the ruler of Galilee Herod Antipas. Occupation publican was profitable, but despised people. However, Matthew was a sociable man, in his kapernaumskom house was going to a lot of friends.

He collected the fee, when Jesus approached him and said: "Follow me." So this man was one of the apostles of Christ. He is the author of major books of the Christian religion of the Gospel. Gospel itself begins with his words. According to Jesus' ascension into heaven and the descent of the Holy Spirit, the apostle stayed some time in Palestine, but then went out to preach to other nations. The Gospel of Matthew written in Aramaic dialect of Hebrew, because he wrote it for the Christians from the Jews. Most modern theologians believe that the gospel appeared between 40 and 50 the year after Christmas. Likely that the first recording made in Matthew while still walking after the Lord and listened to His holy words. Until we did not reach the Aramaic text of the Gospel of Matthew. His Greek translation made, probably in Antioch, where in 70 - 80 years there were many Christians, Jews and Gentiles.

On the death of Matthew itself, virtually nothing is known. But the church legend says: after the apostle Matthew was martyred, his followers hid the body of the saint from desecration. Alleged remains of one of the four evangelists were buried in a land where no one had gone before the Roman legionary.

Nevertheless, and Kyrgyz scientists have attempted to find the relics of saints, all appealing to the same Catalan map.

First issledvaniya held back in 1985 - 1989, respectively. Then searched for sites of sunken cities. Found some pretty valuable, from a historical point of view, objects 2500-year-old and nine medieval settlements and three antique. Among them, the ancient capital of Ussuney - City Chigu.br />

One village is located under the water near the village of Kurmenty Tyup area. This is where, presumably, and there was a monastery with relics of St. Matthew. But other researchers believe that the monastery was in the area Tyup Agricultural College, in the place where the walls still stand today a missionary of the Holy Trinity Orthodox Monastery. "Siculo" and marked on the very Catalan map, the original of which is stored in Spain.

With regard to the Nestorians, they were here for sure - most of their settlements was located on the southern coast of Issyk-Kul. In the last century have unearthed 600 Nestorian tombstones with crosses and sent them to St. Petersburg, where they are still kept in the Hermitage. At the same time found near the town of Karakol Orthodox Holy Trinity Missionary Monastery, which is often equated with a medieval monastery Nestorians.

Since 1999, under the guidance of Academician VM Flat was organized three archaeological expedition, which not only established the existence of the Underwater settlement, but also identified the location of the ruins of Christian monasteries and temples.

Finally, in 2002, the expedition Sergey Melnikov using geophysical equipment found on the shores of Lake Issyk-Kul at a depth of 27 meters and the sarcophagus, which, perhaps, is the shrine of St. Matthew the Apostle. That same year, many residents of Issyk-Kul region, both Orthodox and Muslims in Kyrgyz, the sign of God saw: huge, glowing crosses in the sky over the place.

With reporting by ITAR-TASS, Sedmitsa.Ru, REUTERS.

See also: Ryazan Stonehenge. Ancient Observatory: clones or twins .

Yoki.ru reveal the secret of Baikal: the details of the expedition

Константин Дятлов

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