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The man in the face of death: the path of self-improvement or technical progress?

March 9 2006
21:00

Any thinking person at least once thought about the most important secret of life, about death. Philosophers, scientists, artists, poets, writers, religious leaders, who just did not try to solve this problem ... to no avail, leaving only the assumptions and the belief that there is a feature of life does not end.

 

Death - a phenomenon that can fully know the man only from their own experience. It is true that creative people tend to give us food for thought, and thus prepare for the inevitable. Filmmakers have succeeded here more than others, because the modern "civilized" people are best perceived visual number.

 

In 2001 the film "Other" tickled the nerves of multi-million audience. Although it is not quite uzhasnik rather full of psychological insight drama about life in a mysterious house on an island off the coast of England. Here the beautiful Grace (played by Nicole Kidman) with children waiting for the end of WWII and the return of her husband from the front. Her children are sick horrible disease, the sunlight makes them allergic to, so at home there is always a shadow.

Then Grace hires servants, their arrival violating established rules and lead to unexpected   consequences. In the house there is someone else, and it is not clear whether it is ghosts, or hallucinations, or vice versa manifestation of true reality. Some believe that this is a film about the bardo (Tibetan Buddhism in an intermediate state between human life and rebirth).

 

In many ways it resembles other memorable Hollywood film "The Sixth Sense", called by critics one of the best films of 1999. The film tells the story of a therapist Malcolm Crowe (played by Bruce Willis), a successful pediatrician. After a tragic event, he loses confidence in its professionalism. Nevertheless, Crow decides to help 9-year old boy Cole, who has the ability to communicate with the dead, as well as with ordinary people. The therapist tries to clarify the nature of the extraordinary gift of a boy and as a result of encounters with things so phenomenal that the audience to wade chills.

 

So, two acclaimed film about life after death not in vain have collected a substantial cash. They once again reminded the audience about the possible existence of another world, a belief which, in turn, facilitate ever townsfolk moment of dying.

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Researchers have long noted the similarities between the concepts of the afterlife existence in different cultures.

They are united by one and the same idea: Death is not the end of human existence , life or consciousness in one form or another will continue to exist after physical death of the body. The idea of the final refuge of the righteous on the other side of life - in heaven or in heaven - there is, in many variations.

 

Just ubiquitous idea of hell or purgatory, a place where the deceased would be subjected to inhuman torture. Another recurring theme in the eschatological mythology, the Court is of the dead.

 

With regard to the process of dying, only the Egyptian and the Tibetan culture have shown in this special attention and created a special guide on the journey to the afterlife.

In the West, these manuals have become known as "The Egyptian Book of the Dead" and "Tibetan Book of the Dead."

 

The Egyptian Book of the Dead "- the title of the meeting of funeral texts which the ancient Egyptian scribes were for the benefit of noble dead. They consist of charms, incantations, hymns, laments, magical formulas and prayers.

Book of the Dead "was the result of long-term development of religious beliefs and ritual practices. The first part of the text arose between 2350 and 2175 BC and are the most ancient monuments of literature, not only Egypt, but throughout human history. However, they contain material points to an even more ancient sources. From first to last line in the text appears unwavering faith the Egyptians in the resurrection and immortality of the soul.

 

sobogo noteworthy "Bardot Thedol" or "Tibetan Book of the Dead, created much later than its Egyptian counterpart, but with greater logic and coherence. Not for nothing it was a handbook for the famous Swiss psychologist Carl Gustav Jung.

 

"Bardot Thedol" is a guide for the dying and the dead, the instruction defining the different phases of the intermediate state between death and rebirth and to achieve liberation.

 

Tibetans distinguish six "intermediate" state, or bardo. The first is the natural bardo - during fetal life. Second - bardo, in which the person resides while you sleep. Third Bardo achieved in a state of ecstatic equilibrium during deep meditation. The remaining three bardo, described in detail in "Tibetan Book of the Dead", associated with death and rebirth: the bardo of the moment of death, bardo, when in a state similar to sleep for an upcoming death, experienced karmic illusions, and finally, the bardo of the return of existence in samsara through the aspirations of the new birth.

 

Not every person can realize the fact of his death. Therefore, the Tibetan lamas hold special rituals associated with the reading of the deceased, "Bardot Thedol. To help him understand the post-mortem phenomena, not scared of these manifestations, to gain exemption or a favorable rebirth.

 

"The Tibetan Book of the Dead" primarily interested in the fact that she studied generations of Buddhist monks, practicing deep meditation, and survivors described in the phenomena of her own experience. There are several translations of "Bardo Thedol" Russian language and today to find this classic text of Tibetan Buddhism is not difficult.

 

Meanwhile, the pragmatic Western civilization presupposes   fundamentally solve the problem of death by duplication of the human mind on an electronic medium. Despite the fact that so far it seems fantastic, scientists already are thinking about this possibility. For example, whether there is a step towards immortality, if I can make a copy of the human consciousness and download it on computer media? Not really, because the copy - it's just tracing, when the owner of an original mind will grow old and die, she will live their own lives. Placed in a computer, a kind of purgatory consciousness can recognize themselves, but develop as would have developed human consciousness - no.

 

p class = "MsoNormal" style = "MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" align = "justify"> To work our brain unnoticed for us, and influence biochemical processes, which in computer analogy, of course, will not. Will there be placed in a computer duplicate of the brain to experience any emotions - say it is very difficult. The first time, perhaps so, but in the future, most likely it will lose most of their human qualities.

 

Solve this problem could be by creating a digitized minds virtual environment , a kind of semblance of the real world, providing caught in the computer world consciousness "senses" and special artificial stimuli, the purpose of which - as you can more closely replicate the action of biochemical stimuli. Thus, consciousness would be transferred to feel more or less familiar "to his former life" setting, hitting a different but similar world.

 

So it is the man in the face of death? It is possible, hard to track news feed in anticipation of a sensational discovery in the field of high technologies. But it's much easier to have faith and do self-improvement. As is known, in contrast to the progress, the perfection of the human spirit has no limits.

 

In the preparation used snippets of the books "psychedelic umerayuschih (Stanislav Grof, Joan Helifaks)," The Tibetan Book of the Dead "by Robert Thurman and the magazine Computerra"

Константин Дятлов

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