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Two pilots held in the air 64 days

December 4 2009
00:05

December 4, 1707 in Moscow, opened the first military hospital, which was the first public medical institution in Russia. "Moscow goshpital was founded May 25, 1706 in Lefortovo. The decree of Peter I read: "Build goshpital for Yauza river, against the German settlement, in a decent place to treat sick people ..."   December 4 next year, the hospital received its first patients. At the same time at the hospital opened Russia's first medical-surgical School, more than a century properly prepared the healers "of natural Russians."

Initially, hospital consisted of one stone building with a house church of the Resurrection, and three dozen wooden "parlor" that housed the anatomical theater, house alchemist, chemist, rooms for students, student, accommodation for the sick. Nearby was defeated botanical garden, where medicinal plants were grown. The main building was completed octagonal wooden dome, topped with a carved gilt statue of Mercy. The hospital even had its own theater, which forces students of the Medical-Surgical School staged the first Russian plays and interludes. The main building of the hospital, surviving, built in 1798-1802 on the project by Ivan Egotov.

Hospital struggling with an epidemic of plague in 1770-1771. Then spent the first demonstration operation under general anesthesia Pirogov, the outstanding physicians Shchepin, Samoilovich, Mukhin, Herzen, Sklifosovsky, Pletnev, Yudin, Burdenko. In the War of 1812, he received more than 17 thousand wounded and sick in the First World War - about 400,000, was active during World War II.

In 1907 the hospital received the name "Moscow General of Emperor Peter I the military hospital" with an award for staff insignia monograms «PP» (Petrus Primus). And in December 1918 by decision of the executive committee of the Moscow City Council, he became the first communist Krasnogvardeiskiy military hospital in 1944 - the main military hospital of the Red Army. In 1946 the hospital was named NN Burdenko. Now the Main Military Clinical Hospital named after Academician NN Burdenko - a powerful multi-facility. Over 300 years in the hospital have treated nearly 4 million people.

December 4, 1996 with the American launch site at Cape Canaveral launched rocket "Delta 2" that brought in 1997 on the surface of Mars Research unit «Pathfinder» - «The Pathfinder." This probe did not have the orbital module - it entered the atmosphere of July 4, 1997 , in plain Hrisa. The ambient temperature was about -53 ° C.

After uncovering the parachute for about 8 seconds before it hit the surface around the unit swelled cans and a probe into a great "inflatable ball, which hit the ground at a speed of 90 mph and bounced on it a few times until it stopped.

July 5 rover pulled off the lander and July 6, started to scientific experiments (in particular, the study of the nearest stone). July 6 was also transferred to the circular panorama, taken with the camera capsule.In what the rover has studied several stones, and lander to measure parameters of wind, temperature, and took pictures.

September 27, 1997 was the last communication session with the device (the signal that contains no data, could take until October 7, and attempts to establish communication with the device were made prior to March 1998). Total was transferred 16,5 thousand shots the camera of the lander and 550 images the rover's cameras, were 15 tests of rocks. Scientific results of the mission provided additional confirmation of the hypothesis that Mars once had a "wet and warm."

December 4, 1958 from the airport to Las Vegas on airplane Cessna 172 took off, Bob Timm and John Cook. The pilot is in the air 64 days, occasionally performing in-flight refueling. Milk yield to each other, February 7, 1959 they landed and entered the Guinness Book of Records.


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