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The first polytechnic exhibition occupied the whole center of Moscow

May 30 2009
00:05

May 30, 1220, according to ancient Russian chronicles, was born the legendary Prince Alexander Nevsky (1220 - 11/14/1263), the grandson of Yuri Dolgoruky and the grandson of Vsevolod the Big Nest. Alexander Yaroslavich happen to live in the darkest period of Russian history: Russ suffered fragmentation, but to its border blew down the invaders. By early 1240 there was a powerful hostile coalition of Livonia, Denmark, Sweden and the Hanseatic League.

First attacked the Swedes. 15 July on the banks of the Neva, at the confluence with Izhora, Alexander defeated the numerically superior enemy, losing only a few dozen soldiers were killed. For this victory to him and called Nevsky.

Later, in April 1242 on Russia have attacked dogs knights, crusaders. On the ice of Lake Peipsi occurred the famous Battle on the Ice. Later, in 1245, the Toropets, Duke defeated the main forces of Lithuanians. On the western borders of Russia relative calm, and Alexander, as the true defender of the Russian land, was canonized.

May 30, 1872 in Moscow, the grand opening of the first Polytechnic Exhibition. The event was timed to the 200 th anniversary of Peter the Great. That's it exhibits subsequently formed the basis of the famous Polytechnic Museum.

Polytechnique exhibition housed in the center of Moscow - in and around the Kremlin in a temporary pavilion and the building of an arena. Especially for the exhibition was built more than 70 temporary structures. Most of them were small wooden structures in the Russian style. " "Centerpiece" of the exhibition pavilion became the Marine Department, built entirely of metal and glass. The metal frame of the building was made of rails at the factory Putilova in St. Petersburg. Contemporaries took a pavilion with delight. Repin wrote: "Of all the pavilions Marine Division is very good, at least Europe-wide thing."

With iron and rye neighbors exhibits perfume company "Buis & Co., fascinating guests fountains of scented water and a bouquet of porcelain flowers in each inflorescence whose fragrance perfume with characteristic aroma of this flower. The most significant exposure was provided by the Technical Department. It included subdivisions: mechanical, process, manufacture, manual industry, printing, rail, postal and telegraph, applied physics and astronomy.

Of particular interest is the building of the existing mechanisms. It can be observed in action dozens of industrial and artisanal production: from lathes to the water tower.

In the medical department of the exhibition visitors could see the neatly sliced piece of fresh ... corpses - or rather, anatomical Professor Wagner, prepared by the method of freezing them: "horizontal incision at the level of the female corpse of a large basin", "horizontal section head at the top of the tongue" and other fascinating things.

Great interest among the guests called "native" Pavilion of Turkestan. It was a copy of Shirdar madrasa in Samarkand, reduced to two and a half times. Caucasus Front was in a semi-circular wooden extension to the Arena, completed with the use of local building techniques - he was drowning in carpets, felted, Palace and Central Asian fabrics. The rooms flew turkestan live bees, silkworms crawling - sick and healthy, exposed opium, marijuana and poppy heads.

May 30, 1896 at the celebrations at Khodynka in Moscow, arranged for the coronation of Emperor Nicholas II, the tragedy occurred.At the nationwide festivities according to official figures 1,389 people were killed, about 1500 were seriously injured. Anecdotal evidence is even more frightening: 20,000 victims.


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