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Amazing Facts - December 29

December 29 2008

December 29, 1941 occurred the most massive raid Hitler's aircraft in London, whose purpose was to burn the English capital. On that day - Sunday - at the center of the city has fallen more than 10,000 incendiary bombs, but London remained standing. Sirens sounded air raid early in the seventh evening, and then hail rained incendiary bombs. The aim of the attack was the City of London. Broke new Great Fire.

The whole area of Aldersgate to Cannon Street, Cheapside and Moorgate all were on fire. One observer, who was on the roof of the Bank of England, and then remembered: "It was burning the whole of London! Around, wherever you look, a solid wall of fire. " Churches were destroyed nineteen, sixteen of which are built by Christopher Wren after the first Great Fire, of thirty-four buildings survived the guilds and three street publishers and booksellers of Paternoster Row was completely destroyed, burned down about five million books, the Guildhall was badly damaged St Paul's Cathedral appeared in the ring of fire, but survived. One Londoner, past the ruined streets the day after the raid, recalled: "The air is just burnt out. I breathed the ashes ... Wherever we went, there was soot in the air. "

City turned into unfamiliar territory. The space between the church of St Mary-le-Bow in Cheapside and St. Paul's became vacant lot, where among the tall grass were trodden paths, worn old names - Old CHANGE, Friday Street and Bread Street, Watling Street. That people do not strayed, were nailed to boards with names of streets - these and others. Even the colors of the city and those changed: concrete and granite acquired color "burnt umber, and the ruins of the church -" chrome yellow. " Was made a lot of pictures of mutilated church interiors with fallen statues, broken walls, scattered on the floor heads of cherubs; are pictures of damaged Guildhall affected by the bombs Middle Temple, funnels and collapsing roofs. To many it seemed that once the glory and pride of London could have been killed in one night, the tangible, physical history of the town is devoid of any meaning, it is too fragile and vulnerable to rely on it. Invisible, intangible spirit of London - that have survived and even flourished in the days of chaos and disaster.

Were made, meanwhile, an unexpected discovery. In Kripplgeyte bombing exposed a fragment of Roman wall, which had been buried for hundreds of years. Under the altar of the Church of St Mary-le-Bow was found paved with tiles, underground room, and in the church of Saint Vedast on Foster Lane, after the raid saw "laid brick Gothic doorway." At Austin Fryers were found objects of ancient Roman times, including the tile floor with traces of dog paws, pursuers of the cat. For the body of the church of All Saints was discovered arch VII century, built of Roman tiles and hitherto hidden under the wall sheathing. Due to the damage caused by bombing the Museum of Natural Science, some of the seeds in his herbaria damp and started to sprout, including mimosa, brought from China in 1793. The plant came to life after a hundred sorokasemiletney hibernation. The city survived and was rebuilt again.

December 29, 1993 in his second trip went to the youngest conqueror of both poles of the planet - Brighton, Robert Schumann. He became the youngest traveler, who went 6 April 1992, at age 10, to the North Pole, and December 29, 1993, in age of 11 - to the South. During his first trip, he flew and flew on an airplane, and during the second of several hundred kilometers from the landing, he rode a mountain bike.

ypusk prepared by Max K * - based on encyclopedias and other public sources.

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