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Legendary Niagara dried up more than a day

March 29 2009

March 29, 1830 there was an unprecedented, either before or after the miracle - "ended", dried up the famous Niagara Falls. It is noteworthy that this happened in the spring - because of the huge ice jams upstream. Water to more than 30 hours, and resumed only when the ice melted away under the spring sun!

March 29, 1891 Russian Emperor Alexander III signed an edict on the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway - longest in the world. Originally, the construction of a railway on the Siberian border regions of Russia in 1857 has put the Governor-General of Eastern Siberia N.N.Muravev-Amur. He instructed the military engineer D. Romanov to carry out research and draft the construction of a railroad from the Amur River to the Gulf of De Castries.

In 1850-1870 years Russian specialists have developed a number of projects, but they found no support from the government, which until the mid 80-ies of the XIX century. begun to address the issue of the Siberian railway. It was a lot of offers from foreign businessmen, but the Russian government, fearing the increase of foreign influence in Siberia and the Far East, has rejected the proposals of foreign companies and decided to build a road at the expense of the treasury.

The first real impetus to the beginning of construction of a grand highway gave the Russian Tsar Alexander III. In 1886, on a report of the Irkutsk governor-general of the emperor imposed a resolution: "How many reports governors-general of Siberia, I have read and with sadness and shame to admit that the government still has done little to meet the needs of this rich but neglected region. And it is time, long overdue. " In the same year, offered opinions AN Korff of the importance of the railway to the Far Eastern region, Alexander III ordered to "present ideas" about the preparations for the construction of the road. In 1887, under the guidance of engineers NP Mezheninova, OP Viazemsky and AI Ursati organized three expeditions to find the route of Middle, Trans-Baikal and the South Ussuri Railway, which for the 90 th of the XIX century, mainly completed their work.

At the beginning of 1891 established the Committee for the construction of the Siberian railroad, and soon he made an important ruling that the "Siberian railway, the great national cause, should be carried out by the Russian people and of Russian materials, and approved the facilitation of technical conditions for the construction line. In February 1891 the Committee of Ministers recognized the opportunity to begin work on the construction of Great Siberian Way simultaneously on both sides - from Chelyabinsk and Vladivostok.

Tab Transsiberian personally attended the Tsarevich Nicholas Alexandrovich, the future Emperor Nicholas II. Bow rails throughout the Great Siberian Way took place on October 21 (November 3), 1901, when the builders of the Chinese Eastern Railway, paving the rail track to the west and east, met with each other.

Now the total length of highways is about 7,000 kilometers Transsiberian securely connects the European part, Urals, Siberia and the Far East of the country.

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