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Samizdat and TAMizdat - phenomena of the Soviet era

April 27 2009

27 April 1927 the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR adopted a decree "On registration of citizens in urban areas", which was the beginning of organizing the accounting of population movements in the cities. In 1918, passports have been abolished, ID admitted to any official document issued by the - by reference to trade union volispolkoma ticket. In 1919 introduced mandatory "Workbooks" that were actually passports.

June 20, 1923 for personal civil registration was introduced a single identification document - issued a decree "On identity cards," which all previous documents entitling them to travel through the territory of the RSFSR were declared invalid. Citizens traveling from abroad, could obtain a certificate for a passport, obtained in the representation of the RSFSR in the country. Finally, April 27, 1927 TRC adopted a decree "On registration of citizens in urban areas, and in August the Resolution, concretized this decree.

The ruling, in particular, was the obligation of every person who came to town for more than three days, inform the house management houses, hotels, etc. In this case, the registration was necessary to produce one of the documents: identity card, union card, proof of employment. Foreign nationals should submit a residence permit. December 27, 1932 adopted Resolution CPC and CEC of the USSR "On the Establishment of a single passport system in the USSR and the mandatory registration of passports." In cities, towns, district centers, as well as in Moscow and a number of districts of Leningrad region returned the passport.

According to this decision, "in order to better address the population as well as to clean up cities, towns and working farms from sheltering kulak, criminal and other antisocial elements," all citizens of the Soviet Union over 16 years were required to have passports, which were to be submitted to the police a day after the arrival of a new residence. Passports are not issued to soldiers, the disabled and rural communities, so that peasants could not leave the ruined village of collectivization. Passports contained information on date of birth, nationality, social status, attitudes toward military service, marital status and residence permit - in short, almost all of the information that at this time.

April 27, 1855 in our country was first mentioned the existence of the illegal distribution of literature, known later as "samizdat." Aptly titled "Samizdat" appeared in the nation - as a parody of the natural title of Soviet state publishing organizations like the State Publishing House, Politizdat, etc.

"Samizdat" - a way of informal and therefore uncensored distribution of literature, as well as religious and journalistic texts in the Soviet Union, where copies were made by the author or readers without your knowledge or permission of the authorities, usually typewritten, photographic or hand-written methods.

Often next to the word samizdat, and sometimes as opposed to, the word "tamizdat" - so called banned books and journals published "out there" that is abroad. In the Soviet samizdat distributors pursued by the prosecutor's office and the KGB.

April 27 there were two truly unique event, which entered the Guinness Book of Records. In 1982, in the province of Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea, one person was carried out the massacre.27-year local police have DB Kohn, being in a state of extreme intoxication, killed 57 and wounded 35 people.

On the same day, but in 1991 in Belgium, between Ghent and Ostend, was the world's longest passenger train. The composition of the 70 cars which was carrying locomotive had a total weight of 2,786 tons, and the length of 1,732.9 meters. The train belonged to the "National Beldzhien Railway Company, and covered the distance of 62.5 miles in 1 hour 11 minutes.

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