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Amazing Facts - January 23

January 23 2009

January 23, 1895 man first walked on the expanse of Antarctica - the shores of the southern continent boarded a Norwegian expedition. Amazingly, only 113 years ago on earth there was a vast continent, exceeding the size of Australia and Europe, where no one had gone before. In the Soviet historical literature assumed that the continent Antarctica View the First Russian Antarctic Expedition, led by Thaddeus Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev January 17, 1821. But they just saw a hitherto unknown land: land on the coast, representing a snow-capped mountains and snow-free rocks, the expedition failed because of the solid ice near the shore. The researchers suggest that the sailors in the past in several places came to the continent, but there is only "icebergs." The first Russian Antarctic expedition has proved that it was the land, Bellingshausen named it Earth by Alexander I.

Meanwhile, the British believe that Antarctica opened Bransfild Edward and William Smith. Last in 1819 landed on the South Shetland Islands, which lie near Antarctica - but still not on the continent. Bransfild skirted the islands and 30 January 1820 saw the peninsula, undoubtedly belongs to the continent. But also just saw. The Americans believe that Nathaniel Palmer discovered Antarctica, although he never landed and 16 November 1820 saw seemed to be the same peninsula. Own point of view there have Argentines, Chileans and French. The first flag of his power set, apparently, that the Frenchman Dumont D'Urville - but also on the island rather than on the continent.

The first came just to land one sixth of the world on Jan. 23, 1895 Captain of Norwegian fishing vessel "Antarctic" Christensen and the passenger of the vessel, also a Norwegian, a teacher of natural sciences Karlsten Borchgrevink. He, in fact, persuaded the captain into the water and the boat hit the beach. Moreover, he collected mineral samples there, he saw and described the Antarctic lichen, and in the water saw a jellyfish.

January 23, 1933 came into the world well-known expression "theater begins with a hanger." 17 January of that year, Konstantin Sergeyevich Stanislavsky 70 years old. A few days later at the Moscow Art Theatre solemnly congratulated the jubilee. Along with the guests of honor to express my respect to the director came and theatrical cloakroom attendants. As a person brought up, after the triumph of Stanislavski writing thanked them for their congratulations: "Our Art Theatre is different from many others in that it begins play at the building entrance. You first meet the audience ... "In the free paraphrase the letter had been reduced to one phrase that has become very popular. By the way, at a time when Stanislavsky so highly praised the role of theatrical employees, cloakroom attendant profession has ceased to be a really theatrical. Indeed, in tsarist Russia there was even a theater attendant Artel and honorable profession passed on from generation to generation. But after the revolution, all come to naught.

January 23, 1960 a person has reached the deepest point in the ocean. It was on that day bathyscaphe USS Trieste Swiss-made, managed by Dr. ACOM Piccard and Lt. Donald Walsh descended into valleys Challenger Mariana Trench - on its bottom devices showed a depth of 10,916 meters .

Bathyscaphe Trieste "was designed by Swiss scientist Auguste Picard, the creator of the world's first bathyscaphe FNRS-2. The main driver was his son - Jacques Piccard and the first dive was involved and his 69-year-old father. In one of the diving apparatus reachedimg height = "163" hspace = "10" src = "" width = "200" align = "right" vspace = "5 "border =" 1 "/> record at the time depth of 3,150 m. In 1958 the Trieste was purchased by the U.S. Navy, as at that time, the United States began to show interest in the ocean depths, but still did not have such devices. The design was finalized bathyscaphe - Krupp factory in Essen in Germany was made more rugged and durable gondola. The main pilot and technician staff in 1958-1960 remained Jacques Piccard, who had by that time a great experience diving. The new gondola is allowed "Trieste" to fall on any known depth, without endangering the crew. Therefore, the next dive site was chosen as the Mariana Trench, which is the deepest point of the oceans. This series of dives was officially codenamed "Project Nekton.

Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh made a dive to a depth of 10,916 meters, which is an absolute record depth for manned and unmanned vehicles. Dive took about five hours climb - about three hours, while staying at the bottom was 12 minutes. One of the most important scientific results was the discovery of diving at such depths of highly organized life.

Release prepared by Max K * - based on encyclopedias and other public sources.

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