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War of the Roses ended in mutual destruction clans

May 22 2009
00:05

May 22, 1455 started the legendary British "War of the Roses" - supporters of the reigning house of Lancaster (red rose with the coat of arms) against their relatives from the dynasty of York (respectively, with a white rose on the arms).

The war began with the Battle of St. Albans, and continued as much as 30 years. As a result, both the kind of died, and in 1485 became king of England Henry VII Tudor, of the younger branch of Lancaster.

May 22, 1849 patent for the design of floating dry dock was an American named Abraham Lincoln. Subsequently, he became the only U.S. president who'd had a patent for an invention.

May 22, 1856 Russian businessman, a famous philanthropist Pavel Tretyakov bought the first painting for his collection - "Temptation". It was this man subsequently founded the Tretyakov Gallery. Pavel Tretyakov began to actively collect his art collection, and in 1893 for the general public now serving has been opened "Moscow City gallery Pavel and Sergei Tretyakov.

This collection consisted of 1,276 paintings, 471 sculptures and 10 figure of Russian artists, as well as 84 paintings by foreign masters. After the October Revolution, June 3, 1918 Tretyakov Gallery was declared a "state-owned Russian Federative Soviet Republic" and was named the State Tretyakov Gallery. Museum director has been appointed Igor Grabar. With his active participation in the same year was created by the State Museum Fund, which until 1927 remained a major source of replenishment of the State Tretyakov Gallery collection.

Since the early days of World War II in the Gallery began dismantling - as well as other museums in Moscow, State Tretyakov Gallery, preparing for evacuation. In mid-summer 1941 the train of 17 carriages departed from Moscow and brought the collection to Novosibirsk. Re-opened in Moscow, the Tretyakov Gallery was only May 17, 1945. In 1985, the State Art Gallery, located on the Crimean Val, 10, was merged with the Tretyakov Gallery in a single museum complex under the title The State Tretyakov Gallery. One of the world's most famous collections of paintings and still open to visitors.

May 22, 1987 in Vancouver, Canada, finished the famous traveler, Canadian Rick Hansen. The uniqueness of his campaign was that he had done his way, being confined to a wheelchair.

Hansen, paralyzed from the waist down in a car accident, was launched March 21, 1985 in Vancouver, Canada, and rode in a wheelchair 40 000 075.16 km on 4 continents and 34 countries. Returned to the unusual traveler May 22, 1987.


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