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On the cover of the first primer was depicted rod

August 20 2009
00:05

August 20, 1634 in Moscow, was published the first primer. In the XVII century in Russia, mainly published liturgical church service books. For example, Psalms for the XVII century. were published Moscow printing house 65 times, Book of Hours - at least 40 times, the Service Book - 28 Gospel - 20 Apostles - 20, etc. In 1663 was released first Moscow Bible with engraved frontispiece on the tree with the state emblem, the portrait of Alexis and precise plan of Moscow.

Creating books for daily reading, although included in the range of religious literature, has greatly contributed to the development of agriculture, public administration, etc. A special group of publications XVII century. primers and alphabets were designed to teach reading and writing. Their main body consisted of prayers.

Start the same edition of primers in Moscow put Basil Burtsev-Protopopov. In 1634 he published the print "ABC" - "Primer Slovenian, in other words the beginning of teaching children" that quickly dispersed, and therefore, already in 1637 was reissued. The second edition included poems about goals and methods of teaching.

Opened the book, engraved frontispiece with the scene of punishment whip the offending student. Engraving secular - a new phenomenon in the Russian printed book in the XVII .. Burtsev-Protopopov also the first in Moscow, has entered into a printed book inlaid ornament. Copies of books in the XVII century. ranged from 400 to 1200 copies.

August 20, 1812 Tsar Alexander I appointed a Commander of the Russian army Mikhail Kutuzov. "Kutuzov has come to beat the French," - said by the people.

August 20, 1994 was made a unique record trip around the world. American Fred Lesbi at age 82 made a round-the-world flight in his single-engine aircraft Piper Comanche. Leaving from Fort Myers, Florida, June 30, 1994, he headed westward and, flying with 21 stop 37 000 366 miles, returned to Fort Myers on Aug. 20, 1994.

August 20, 1995 its first and only performance showed a unique musical group. The combined orchestra of wind and percussion instruments of British Telecom, took part in the World charitable action in favor of Marie Curie Cancer Centre in Edinburgh, consisted of 2,739 trumpeters and drummers - it is an absolute record.


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