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Introduction to Russia coppers led to the legendary mutiny

April 20 2009

April 20, 1656 in our country instead of silver coins appeared more than simple copper money. This event was historic - in a few years, Russia experienced a so-called "copper rebellion."

In those days, the Muscovite state did not own gold and silver mines, and these materials were imported from abroad. To mint coins minted from the Russian foreign coins: pennies, the money (half a penny) and mite (half the money). Protracted war with Poland over Ukraine (1654-1667) demanded huge costs. In order to find money to continue the war, A.L.Ordin-Nashchokin offered to produce copper coins for the price of silver. Taxes collected silver, copper and wages could be heard. In this case, small copper coin at the beginning really was walking along with a silver coin, but soon overissue no secured copper coins that were minted in Moscow, Novgorod and Pskov, has led to devaluation of copper coins.

Under the title "Copper rebellion in history has entered the Moscow uprising July 25, 1662, which was caused by too large release of impaired copper coins. Rebellion was the urban poor performance: artisans, butchers, and farmers Pirozhnikov suburban villages. Despite the ruthless suppression of the rebellion, he did not pass without a trace. In 1663, at the imperial decree of the copper business courts in Novgorod and Pskov were closed, while in Moscow was resumed minting silver coins. Copper coins withdrawn from circulation and private persons was stated to melt them in pots or bring them to the treasury.

April 20, 1935 on American radio appeared first in the world of the hit parade - Playing journalist Warren Hill, a leading show «Your Lucky Strike Hit Parade». Published as he was in the American magazine "Billboard", and since July 1940 there were published and regular ratings was still vinyl.

Present composition of the popularity of the place or the whole album was calculated on sales performance and the repertoire of radio stations. In addition to the total hit parade, there were also tops on certain genres of music: country, rhythm & blues, dance, music, etc.

In our country the charts were published in the second half of 1980. in the newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda. In this case, a hallmark of Soviet and Russian charts is their subjectivity. Unlike western counterparts, they generally do not reflect objective sales figures of albums and singles, and are based on surveys of radio listeners and viewers of different media, reflecting the preferences of the target audience - and to verify their authenticity, as a rule, it is not possible .

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