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Merchants sumptuously rewarded Empress from the base of the first bank

May 18 2009
00:05

May 18, 1753 (May 7, old style) in our country has its first bank. On this day, Empress Elizabeth ordered the Senate to establish in state money for the nobility State Bank - to decrease throughout the state interest money. Bankers have the highest indication - to take all precautions to make money "could be reliable for the return."

However, even in 1733 the Empress Anna ordered Monetnaya office to lend money to people of every rank up to 8 percent a year - with a mortgage in gold or silver. After that some other agencies have started to do the same - to increase their income: but, apparently, these loans were insignificant and did not weaken the evil to which complained to the Empress Anna. Lenders continued to lend money for a very high interest rates. May 18, 1753 Empress Elizabeth ordered the Senate to reduce the percentage in the entire state money to establish a State Bank for the Nobility.

Since the Senate has been known that the money is felt in the interest of the Admiralty Board of the General Commissariat of the Office of the Chief of artillery and fortifications from Monetnaya office, he first ordered to submit statements of these places, where it would indicate how much money a year is given borrow from the Treasury, from which it proceeds, for whatever decrees how much is taken in the year of interest, how ranks are heard and that the money is taken in the mortgage.

Merchants appreciated the reform efforts of the Empress, having presented her a gold plate in 56-carat diamond. This gift is kept in the Diamond Fund in Moscow Kremlin.

In general, world history of banking begins in the XI century, leading the countdown to the Knights Templar Order. That is what the Knights started to make loans and take the value of the deposit. There was a time when the French Templars nearly 10 years stored in his British royal seal and the crown. Knights' Templar introduced many attributes of modern banking: checks, clearing, credit, bank representation and the current account.

May 18, 1888 in the United States was demonstrated by the first gramophone record. This CD is made of an organic compound of polyvinyl chloride ("vinyl") was the prototype of wax phonocylinders - the famous Sound of the phonograph by Thomas Alva Edison.

Throughout the past century, shellac was the most important audionositelem. Its main advantage was the convenience of mass copying by stamping. In addition, records are not subject to electrical or magnetic fields and so perfectly kept.

At the end of the last century, production of records greatly reduced: for example, the famous April factory has released the latest vinyl records in 1997. The plates have become rare, forced out CDs and audiocassettes, but continue to be issued in limited numbers - for collectors and DJs.

May 18, 1996 in Taiwan enthusiasts created a record of the pyramid of toy blocks - height 25.05 m. Besides, 18 May 1996 a man was raised a record of balancing. Ashrita Furman of the Jamaican, ea. New York, USA, for 11.9 with the balance held with the set on his chin 57 cups in a pint of each volume.


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