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The famous financial institution established people, hiding from the sun

May 17 2009

May 17, 1792 was founded the New York Stock Exchange. Made it hid from the sun under the shade of a spreading tree - sycamore - 24 broker, and it happened there, where he appeared street Wall Street.

Street name comes from the city wall (wall), which in the 17 th century was the northern boundary of the Dutch town of New Amsterdam (later New York). In 1640-ies the inhabitants of the colony fenced palisade. The wall protected the settlers from attacks by Indian tribes and the colonists of New England and the British Army. In 1685 residents of paved road along the wall, which then called Wall Street, which literally means simply: "Wall Street". The wall was destroyed by the British in 1699, but the name remained. In the late 18 th century sellers and speculators information, decided to consolidate its association "Plane Agreement" (English Buttonwood Agreement) - this was the beginning of the New York Stock Exchange.

Since 1889 the Exchange account of one of the digging was called the "Wall Street Journal, received this name from the street. Today it is an influential business daily newspaper published in New York, owned by the same newspaper company «Dow Jones & Company».

May 17, 1846 has been patented a new, unusual wind instrument - the saxophone. Did the Belgian artist Adolphe Sax. His Mr. azvanie tool was the combination of the name of the inventor - Sax (Sax) and the Greek word for «phone» - «sound."

Adolphe Sax was born to a musical wizard, Charles Joseph Sax. Trained in flute and clarinet at the Brussels Conservatory, he was constantly improved in the manufacture of wind instruments. To implement his plan, he used a new construction principle: put together a conical tube with a reed valve mechanism clarinet and oboe. The tool body was made of metal, the external shape resembled a bass clarinet, expanding at the end, strongly curved upward tube is attached to a stick on a metal tip, bent in the form of «S».

Saks brilliant idea a success: a new tool has become a bridge between the woodwind and brass in military bands. Moreover, the tone of it was so interesting that drew the attention of many musicians and saxophone soon became an essential part of a number of musical styles such as jazz.

May 17, 1995 was sold at auction's most expensive diamond. "Brilliant" Dee "went under the hammer at an auction" Sotheby's in Geneva, Switzerland. Bought this as a flawless, pear-shaped stone weighing 100.10 carats was Sheikh Ahmed Fitayhi - for 16,548,750 dollars.

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